当前位置:英美者>>游学英美>>英美文化>>节日>>浏览文章    

感恩节的来历和起源

2007年11月22日  所属:节日  来源:英语点津  作者:陈蓓编辑

每逢11月第四个星期四,美国人迎来了自己最重要的传统节日感恩节。

The Story of American Thanksgiving
(Contributed by Bing Wei, Granny Betty's Story Time )

每逢11月第四个星期四,美国人迎来了自己最重要的传统节日感恩节。感恩节,原是清教徒为感谢上天赐与的好收成,同时,也表达了新英格兰“移民”对印第安土著居民最初的谢意。如今,这一传统节日更多意味着合家团聚。下文以历史为脉络,探究了感恩节的渊源,并把目光锁定在1621年翔实的感恩“盛宴”上。

Thanksgiving Day is an American holiday and not celebrated in continental Europe. On the fourth Thursday of each November, families and friends gather together for the occasion to celebrate with a traditional turkey dinner, usually in the mid-afternoon. Thanksgiving originated as a celebration of the year's harvest and is similar to the Mid-Autumn Festival in China.

The origin of the Thanksgiving Day

感恩节的来历

This American tradition started in 1621 before the United States of America was established. It was a huge celebration for a hard-earned harvest the first year after arriving in the New World.

On September 6, 1620, the Mayflower ship set sail from Plymouth, Devon, England, taking all the English Pilgrims (清教徒)to the New World. The English Pilgrims numbered about a hundred people, and left England to escape religious persecution. Their voyage to the New World was financed by Merchant Adventurers, an English investor group.

The Pilgrims sailed sixty-six days, arrived in the New World in November of the same year. They first settled in a cornfield abandoned by Native Indians and named it Plymouth Plantation.

They worked on the land with much difficulty and were beset by a devastating plague in which half of the Pilgrim died in the long winter of 1620. In the spring of 1621, an Indian brave named Squanto and her Wampanoag (瓦帕浓人,北美印第安人阿尔琴族一部落)tribe came to their help. The tribe taught the Pilgrims how to work the earth and plant corn, beans, pumpkins, squash and other crops.

  The Thanksgiving feast in 1621

In late September 1621, the Pilgrims were pleased with their great harvest. To celebrate their first harvest, the Pilgrims wanted to thank God and the Native Indian. They invited Squanto and the entire Wampanoag tribe that celebrate together in a shared feast.

It was said about ninety Wampanoag turned up, much to the surprise of the Pilgrims, whose population had shrunk to no more than 50. The chief of the tribe had his men hunt five deer to bring to the feast. The first Thanksgiving dinner had an elaborate menu with venison, wild turkey, goose, duck, crane, swan, and other waterfowl; they also has local seafood: clams, lobsters, mussels, salmon, cod, bass, herring, shad, bluefish, lots of eel and oysters. They also cooked plenty of vegetables, among them squash, pumpkins and beans were the most popular.

They ate raspberries, strawberries, grapes, plums, cherries, blueberries, walnuts, chestnuts, acorns, hickory and ground nuts, wheat flour, Indian corn and corn meal and they made beer out of barley. The pumpkin pudding was later developed into the traditional pumpkin pie.

The first Thanksgiving dinner is said to have lasted from three days to one week with much food, beer and liquor. The Pilgrims and the Native Indian sat together on the ground, shared food with fingers or used rough plates made of wood or stale bread. They ran races, played old

下一页
本文共 2 页,第  [1]  [2]  页


节日 最新资讯
· 清明节的来历英文简介
· April Fools’ Day
· 英美者情人节专辑
· 春节快乐!
· 万圣节相关的英语表达
· 中秋节的来历、中秋节的简介(英语介绍)
· 世界各地的父亲节的日期和庆祝
· Father’s Day还是Fathers’ Day?
· 父亲节( Father’s Day)英语介绍
· Children’s Day来历英文介绍

英美者 最新资讯
· 英美文化研究:英语姓名的引申意义
· 英美文化讲座:美国的地名
· 英美文化讲座:谈一谈英国的地名
· 从英语汉语语言差异看文化不同
· 清明节的来历英文简介
· April Fools’ Day
· Morning Song:英语美文诗歌
· 《白雪公主》中英文对照节选
· [mp3]经济不景气,西班牙人学英语热
· 经济不景气迫使西班牙人学英语(英语新闻mp3)
· 随身英语听力材料:图书馆出借电子书
经济不景气迫使西班牙人学
瑞士公投拒六周带薪假期(英
新iPad全球开卖:英语新闻
An October Sunrise:英语