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春节快乐!

2012年01月20日  所属:节日  来源:互联网  作者:英美者综合

又是一年春节时,春节对于中国人有着特殊的意义,春节是团圆的时刻,春节是希望的开始...

1、春节:The Spring Festival

春节快乐:Happy Spring Festival!或 Happy Chinese New Year!

2、春节的来历和风俗英语介绍

背景知识

春节和年的概念,最初的含意来自农业,古时人们把谷的生长周期称为“年”,《说文。禾部》:“年,谷熟也:。在夏商时代产生了夏历,以月亮圆缺的周期为月,一年划分为十二个月,每月以不见月亮的那天为朔,正月朔日的子时称为岁首,即一年的开始,也叫年,年的名称是从周朝开始的,至了西汉才正式固定下来,一直延续到今天。但古时的正月初一被称为“元旦”,直到中国近代辛亥革命胜利后,南京临时政府为了顺应农时和便于统计,规定在民间使用夏历,在政府机关、厂矿、学校和团体中实行公历,以公历的元月一日为元旦,农历的正月初一称春节。

1949年9月27日,新中国成立,在中国人民政治协商会议第一届全体会议上,通过了使用世界上通用的公历纪元,把公历的元月一日定为元旦,俗称阳历年;农历正月初一通常都在立春前后,因而把农历正月初一定为“春节”,俗称阴历年。

春节图片,春节英语图片,春节风俗图片

传统意义上的春节是指从腊月初八的腊祭或腊月二十三的祭灶,一直到正月十五,其中以除夕和正月初一为高潮。在春节这一传统节日期间,我国的汉族和大多数少数民族都有要举行各种庆祝活动,这些活动大多以祭祀神佛、祭奠祖先、除旧布新、迎禧接福、祈求丰年为主要内容。活动形式丰富多彩,带有浓郁的民族特色。

春节的来历英语介绍

The Spring Festival, also known as the Lunar New Year, is the most important traditional festival in China, which falls on in late January or early February.
The historical reason for beginning the new year in such a time is that it is the time between autumn harvest and spring plowing and planning. In another words, it is the time for rest, relaxation and celebration after a year’s toil. Except this practical reason for celebrating the Spring Festival, a popular Chinese legend offers another explanation, which is affectedly known in China. In ancient time, a mythological demon called” Nian” that lived under the sea would plague people once a year on the even of the new year. It jumped out from the sea, attacked villages, devouring people, animals and plants. Could no longer bear Nian’s brutal persecution, the villagers gathered to discuss how to deal with” Nian” and some people suggested that the demon was afraid of loud noises, red color and flame. So people lighted firecrackers, put on red couplets on their gates, lit firework and beat gongs and drums to drive Nian away. The idea worked and Nian ran away. Since ever, the custom and tradition of celebrating the Spring Festival born and the practice of putting red couplets on gates, setting off firecrackers, etc have been passed down.

春节风俗汉语介绍

How do Chinese people celebrate the Spring Festival

Spring Festival is a time for celebrating with family and friends. No matter wherever, how busy they are, the Chinese will squeeze into the roads going home to spend the festival season with their family members. Traditionally, the Chinese celebrate the Spring Festival in the following ways:
Spring Cleaning: From December 23rd in the Chinese calendar, people begin to clean their houses to bid farewell to the old year and usher in a happy and fresh new year.
Spring Decorating: People hang flower-decorated red lanterns in front of their houses. Office buildings and stores are also decorated with red lanterns. Red couplets-red posters with black Chinese calligraphy, colored New Year paintings are posted on the doors of people’s houses. They symbolize happiness, prosperity and good luck in the New Year.


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