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医学英语:关于狂犬病(rabies)

2010年07月16日  所属:医学英语  来源:外语教育网  作者:佚名

医学英语阅读文章:狂犬病。狂犬病的英语翻译,例句,关于狂犬病的医学英语定义、诊断和治疗的英语文章。

1、狂犬病 [kuángquǎnbìng]

英语解释:hydrophobia; rabies。

2、例句:The customs agents destroyed the dog that was found to be rabid.

             海关把这只患有狂犬病的狗处理掉了。

3、关于狂犬病的英语文章:涉及狂犬病的医学英语定义,诊断、处理手段。

  Rabies

  Definition

  Rabies is a frequently fatal, acute viral infection which is transmitted to humans by infected animals (often dogs or bats) via a bite or by the exposure of broken skin to an infected animal's saliva.

  Causes, incidence, and risk factors

  Rabies is transmitted by infected saliva that enters the body through a bite wound or other open wound. The virus travels from the wound along nerve pathways to the brain, where it causes inflammation (irritation and swelling with presence of extra immune cells) that results in the symptoms of the disease.

  The incubation period ranges from 10 days to 7 years, with the average being 3 to 7 weeks.

  In the past, human cases in the U.S. usually resulted from a dog bite, but recently, more cases of human rabies have are linked to bats and there have not been any rabies cases caused by dog bites for a number of years.

  Worldwide, dogs still pose a significant risk for transmitting rabies, however. Bats, skunks, raccoons, foxes, and other animals can also be sources of rabies virus. There are an estimated 15,000 cases of rabies worldwide each year.

  Few cases occur in the US (only 3 reported in 1991 and 9 in 1994) because of extensive animal vaccination programs.

  The United Kingdom has completely eradicated rabies, which is why Americans cannot bring pets or other animals to the UK without having them undergo a 6-month quarantine.

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