当前位置:英美者>>专门英语>>旅游英语>>浏览文章    

中国简要的英语介绍、历史、地里、气候

2010年05月11日  所属:旅游英语  来源:江南大学  作者:China Culture Website

旅游英语介绍:中国简要的英语介绍、历史、地里、气候。

China in brief

 
 
 
Name of the country
 
The People's Republic of China
 
Capital city
 
Beijing
 
Population
 
1295.33 million (by 2000)
 
Area
China has a territory area of 9.6 million square km, second to Russia and Canada,with a sea area of about 4.73 million square km.
 
Location
 
In East Asia, border on the west Pacific Ocean
 
National flag 
The National Flag of the PRC is a red rectangle emblazoned with five stars. The proportion of its length and height is 3 to 2. The upper left of the face of the Flag is studded with five yellow five-pointed stars. One of the stars is bigger than the others, with its circumcircle's diameter being three-tenth of the height of the Flag, and is placed in the left; the other four stars are smaller, with their circumcircle's diameter being one-tenth of the height of the Flag, encircling the big star on its right in the shape of an arch.
 
National anthem
 
March of the Volunteers (lines: Arise, those who do not want to be slaves! We will use our flesh and blood to build another Great Wall. China has reached the brink of national collapse. All the people have been making their last outcry. Arise! Arise! Arise! All our hearts become one. Let us face the enemy's gunfire. March on! Let us face the enemy's gunfire. March on! March on! March on! On!)
 
National Emblem
 
The National Emblem of the PRC features Tiananmen Gate beneath the five shining stars, encircled by ears of grain and with a cogwheel at the bottom. The ears of grain, stars, Tiananmen and cogwheel are gold; the field within the circle is red, as are the ribbons festooning the bottom of the circle.
 
 
 
 
National flower
Peony
 
Ethnic groups
 
There are 56 ethnic groups in China. The Han people make up 92 percent of the country's total population, totaling 1159.4 million; and the other 55 ethnic groups, 8 percent, totaling 106.43 million.
 
Languages
 
Of the 56 ethnic groups in China , the Hui and Manchu use the same language as Han people, while the rest groups have their own spoken and written languages.
 
Written languages
 
23 ethnic groups have their own characters.
 
Religion
 
The main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity, and Catholicism. Chinese citizens' right of the freedom of religious belief is protected by the Constitution and laws.
 
Main festivals
 
New Year's Day (January 1), the Spring Festival (the New Year's Day by Chinese lunar calendar), International Labor Day (May 1), and the National Day (October 1)
 
Currency
 
Renminbi (RMB) yuan
 
Time difference
 
8 hours earlier than the Greenwich Time
 
Climate
 
Most of the country is in the temperate zone, although geographically the country stretches from the tropical and subtropical zones in the south to the frigid zone in the north.
 
Topography
 
High in its west and low in its east: mountain areas 33.3%, plateaus 26%, basins 18.8%, plains 12% and hills 9.9%.
 
Mountains
 
Among the 19 mountains over 7,000 meters high in the world, seven are in China. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, known as "the roof of the world", has many high mountains. The Himalayas, with an average elevation of 6,000 meters, have the world's highest peak Mount Qomolangma, 8,848 meters above sea level.
 
Rivers
 
The Yangtze River, 6,300 km long, is the third longest in the world after the Nile and the Amazon. The Yellow River, the second longest in China, stretching 5,464 km.
 
Canal
 
The Grand Canal, 1,801 km long, is the longest man-made river in the world. Its cutting began in the fifth century BC.
 
 
Lakes
The Poyang Lake on the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River is China's largest freshwater lake, with an area of 3583 sq. km; the Qinghai Lake on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the country's largest salt lake, covering 4583 sq. km.
 
History
 
China is one of the world's oldest civilizations with a chronicled history of more than 5,000 years. China has gone over a long history of primitive society, slavery society, feudal society and semi-feudal semi-colonial society and the present socialist society. In 221 BC, Qinshihuang established the Qin Dynasty, the first feudal autocracy in Chinese history, thereby unveiling a 2,000-year period of feudalism which was to last through a succession of dynasties such as the Han, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing, a period which finally met its demise in the bourgeois democratic Revolution of 1911 by Dr. Sun Yat-sen. October 1, 1949 saw the founding of the People's Republic of China.
 
 

旅游英语 最新资讯
· 国外驴友需支付的各种小费(中英文双语旅游英语阅
· 与“旅行”、“旅游”相关的英语词汇
· 旅游英语口语:Unit4 : 6 Taking the subway 
· 旅游英语口语:Unit4:5  Taking the City Bus
· 旅游英语口语:Unit4:4 Taking a Taxi 
· 旅游英语口语:Unit4:3 Returning the Rental C
· 旅游英语口语 Unit4:2 Renting a Car
· 《旅游英语口语》Unit 4 Getting Around the Cit
· 旅游英语口语:Unit 3 The Hotel: 6 Checking Ou
· Unit 3 The Hotel: 5 Room Service 

英美者 最新资讯
· 雅思9分作文例文及点评
· 雅思写作中常见问题错误汇总
· 在中国雅思考生已经突破30万
· 雅思增设兰州考点 在美国受广泛认可
· 2012年考研报名时间公布、复试一区二区新变化
· Amazon:book rental service (双语新闻、英语新
· 澳新护照承认第三种性别(英语新闻报道双语对照阅
· Socialising keeps you slim(双语新闻)
· 世界各国竞争力排行:瑞士第一,中国第26(双语英语
· 中秋节的来历、中秋节的简介(英语介绍)
· 英语六级考试写作模板:图表作文框架
Amazon:book rental servi
澳新护照承认第三种性别(
Socialising keeps you sl
离2012伦敦奥运还有一年(