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2012年职称英语真题:综合A级阅读判断部分

2012年07月09日  所属:职称英语  来源:新东方在线  作者:职称英语

2012年职称英语考试真题:综合A级阅读判断部分。含参考答案。

        第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
  In Sports, Red is the Winning Color
  When opponents of a game are equally matched, the team dressed in red is more likely to win, according to a new study.
  British anthropologists Russell Hill and Robert Barton of the University of Durham reached that conclusion by studying the outcomes of one-on-one boxing, tae kwon do, Greco-Roman-wresting, and freestyle-wrestling matches at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.
  In each event Olympic staff randomly assigned red or blue clothing or body protection to competitors. When otherwise equally matched with their opponent in fitness and skill, athletes wearing red were more likely to win the bout.
  "Where there was a large point difference—presumably because one contestant was far superior to the other—color had no effect on the outcome," Barton said. "Where there was a small point difference, the effect of color was sufficient to tip the balance."
  In equally matched bouts, the preponderance of red wins was great enough that it could not be attributed to chance, the anthropologists say. Hill and Barton found similar results in a review of the colors worn at the Euro 2004 international soccer tournament. Their report will be published in tomorrow's issue of the journal Nature.
  Joanna Setchell, a primate researcher at the University of Cambridge in England, has found similar results in nature. Her work with the large African monkeys known as mandrills shows that red coloration gives males an advantage when it comes to mating.
  The finding that red also has an advantage in human sporting events does not surprise her, addding that "the idea of the study is very clever."
  Hill and Barton got the idea for their study out of a mutual interest in the evolution of sexual signals in primates—"red seems to be the color, across species, that signals male dominance and testosterone levels," Barton said.
  For example, studies by Setchell, the Cambridge primate researcher, show that dominant male mandrills have increased red coloration in their faces and rumps. Another study by other scientists shows that red plastic rings experimentally placed on the legs of male zebra finches increase the birds' dominance.
  Barton said he and Hill speculated some speculated that "there might be a similar effect in humans. And if so, it could be apparent in sporting contests."
  The pair say their results indicate that sexual selection may have influenced the evolution of humans' response to color.
  Setchell, the primatologist, agrees. "As Hill and Barton say, humans redden when we are angry and pale when we're scared. These are very important signals to other individuals," she said.
  The advantage of red may be intuitively known, judging from the prevalence of red uniforms in sports—"though it is clearly not very widely appreciated, on a conscious level at least," Barton said.
  He adds that the finding of red's advantage might have implications for regulations that govern sporting attire. In the Olympic matches he surveyed for the new study, for example, it is possible some medal winners may have reached the pedestal with an unintended advantage.
  "That is the implication, though we cannot say that it made the difference in any one specific case," Barton said.
  Meanwhile, Setchell noted—tongue-in-cheek—that a red advantage may not be limited to sports. "Going by the recent [U.S.] election results, red is indeed quite successful," she said.
  16. Both Hill and Barton wanted to find out if color affects the outcome of sports matched.
  17. Hill and Barton are both interested in primates.
  18. Male mandrills use yellow coloration to attract a mate.
  19. Red is not an advantage for zebra finches.
  20. The red plastic rings were left on the finches permanently.
  21. Hill and Barton believe athletes in red are more likely to win.
  22. Many athletes oppose the new regulations on sports uniforms.
  答案:16. Both Hill and Barton wanted to find out if color affects the outcomes of sports matches.
  答案为A(right).
  相关句:They (Hill and Barton) …reached the conclusion by studying the outcomes of boxing…
  The outcomes 回应上文中提到的“the team dressed in red is more likely to win”
  17. Hill and Barton are both interested in primates(灵长目).
  答案为A(right).
  相关句:Hill and Barton got the idea for the study from a mutual interest in primates.
  18. Male mandrills use yellow coloration to attract a mate.
  答案为B(wrong).
  相关句:Red coloration gives males an advantage when it comes to mating.
  19. Red is not an advantage for Zebra finches(斑胸草雀).
  答案为B(wrong).
  相关句:Scientists put red plastic rings on the legs of male Zebra females, which increased the bird’s success in finding a mate.
  20. The red plastic rings were left on the finches permanently.
  答案为C(not mentioned).
  21. Hill and Barton believe athletes in red are more likely to win.
  答案为A(right).
  相关句:Across a range of sports, we find that wearing red is consistently associated with a higher probability of winning.
  22. Many athletes oppose the new regulations on sport uniforms.
  答案为C(not mentioned)
  相关句:the discovery of red’s advantage might lead to new regulations on sports uniforms.


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