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2008年职称英语真题(理工类 C级)

2008年12月12日  所属:职称英语  来源:新东方在线  作者:职称英语真题

08年全国职称外语等级考试真题试卷(理工类C级)附答案。

08年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷 理工类C级

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为
接近的选项。
1. We’ll give every teacher room for development. www.enmajor.com
 A. place B. employment C. space D. house
2. The policeman asked him to identify the thief.
 A. name B. describe   C. capture D. call
3. We were all there when the accident occurred.
 A. happened B. broke   C. spread D. appeared
4. It took me exactly a week to complete the work.
 A. start B. achieve   C. improve D. finish
5. The herb medicine eventually cured her disease.
 A. nicely B. apparently   C. finally D. naturally
6. This new policy has led to a dramatic increase in production.
 A. minor B. striking   C. fixed D. modest
[7-13题暂无]
14. Jack consumes a pound of cheese a day.
 A. eats B. drinks   C. buys D. produces
15. Mary just told us a very fascinating story.
 A. strange B. frightening C. difficult D. interesting

第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提: 供的是正确信息, 请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该旬的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

The Need to Remember

Some people say they have no memory at all: “I just can’t remember a thing!” But of course we all have a memory. Our memory tells US who we are. Our memory helps US to make use in the present of what we have learnt in the past.
In fact we have different types of memory. For example, our visual memory helps US recall facts and places. Some people have such a strong visual memory that they can remember exactly what they have seen, for example, pages of a book, as a complete picture.
Our verbal(言语的)memory helps US remember words and figures we may have heard but not seen or written: items of a shopping list, a chemical formula, dates, or a recipe.  www.enmajor.com
With our emotional(情感的)memory, we recall situations or places where we had; strong feelings, perhaps of happiness or unhappiness. We also have special memories for smell, taste, touch and sound, and for performing physical movements.
We have two ways of storing any of these memories. Our short-term memory stores items for up to thirty seconds-enough to remember a telephone number while we dial. Our long-term memory, on the other hand, may store items for a lifetime. Older people in fact have a much biter long-term memory than short-term. They may forget what they have done only a few hours ago, but have the clearest remembrance(记忆)of when they were very young.
Psychologists tell US that we only remember a few facts about our past, and that we invent the rest. It is as though we remember only the outline of a story. We then make up the details. We 0ften do this in the way we want to remember them, usually SO that we appear as the heroes of our own past, or maybe victims needing sympathy(同情).

16. Visual memory helps US recall a place we have been to.
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
17. Visual memory may be used when we read a story
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
18. Verbal memory helps US read words we have never heard
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
19. Emotional memory is used when we perform physical movements
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
20. Animals do not have a long-term memory
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
21. Long—term memory is more important than short-term memory.
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned
22. Generally we remember only a few facts about the past.
  A. Right    B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned

第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题, 每题1分, 共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~--30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

What Do Dreams Tell Us? www.enmajor.com

1 Why do we dream? Do dreams have meanings? These are questions which have troubled man for thousands of years. The oldest surviving book on the interpretation of dreams is Egyptian and is nearly 4, 000 years old. In ancient Greece, it was thought that people who were ill could be cured by telling their dreams. They would relate their dreams to their doctors who would tell them what they meant and then give them medicine to make them well. The ancient Chinese believed that if a pregnant woman dreamed of a bear, she would have a son, and if she dreamed of a snake, she would have a daughter. There are many stories about dreams foretelling(预言)the future.
2 We certainly do not now believe that dreams foretell the future. Most scientists believe that dreams are based on events in our own life and on our feelings. The events are usually very recent, mostly within the last two days. Our emotions, on the other hand our wishes, hopes and fears may go back many years, even to early childhood.
3 In a dream, events are altered. A dream may contain parts of many real-life events. Most importantly, something that cannot be shown directly may be shown indirectly. For example, you might dream of driving a large car. This could mean not that you want to have a larger car, but that you desire power, and maybe you want to control other people. Again, you may dream that you are an actor in a play. The play is about to start, but you have completely forgoes your lines. This dream may seem strange because you are not interested in acting, and you never want to be in a play. But the dream may mean that you have some other problem that you feel is too difficult for you to solve.
4 Psychologists believe that dreams may be helpful to us. Indeed, people who have been allowed to sleep in experiments, but not allowed to dream, have become anxious and restless. And when they are later allowed to sleep as much as they like, they dream more than ever to make us for the Lost “dream time”.

23 Paragraph 1_______________

24 Paragraph 2_______________

25 Paragraph 3_______________

26 Paragraph 4_______________

27 The ancient Greeks believed that their _________could be cured by telling their dreams.
28 Most scientists believe that dreams have something to do with_________ daily life.
29 If you dream of driving a large car, it could mean that you want___________
30 When people are not allowed to dream during sleep, they become__________


第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题, 每题3分, 共45分) www.enmajor.com
  下面有3篇短文, 每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容, 为每题确定1个最佳选项。

第一篇
The Hyper-X

The Hyper-X(超音速飞机)recently broke the record for air-breathing jet planes when it traveled at a Hypersonic speed(超音速)of seven times the speed of sound. That’s about 5,000 miles per hour. At this speed, you’d get around the world-flying along the equator(赤道)in less than 5 hours.
The Hyper-X is an unmanned, experimental aircraft just 12 feet long. It achieves hypersonic speed using a special sort of engine known as a scramjet(超音速冲压式喷气发动机).
For an engine to burn fuel and produce energy, it needs oxygen. A jet engine, like those on passenger airplanes gets oxygen from the air. A rocket engine typically goes faster but has to carry its own supply of oxygen. A scramjet engine goes as fast as a rocket, but it doesn’t have to carry its own oxygen supply.
A scramjet’s special design allows it to obtain oxygen from the air that flows through the engine. And it does so without letting the fast-moving air put out the combustion(燃烧)flames. However, a scramjet engine works properly only at speeds greater than five times the speed of sound.
A booster rocket(助推火箭)carried the Hyper-X to an altitude of about 100,000 feet for its test flight. The aircraft’s record-beating flight lasted just 11 seconds. That brief journey on March 27 makes a major milestone on the way to a new breed of very fast airplanes, says Weber J. A. Dam of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. In the future, engineers predict, airplanes equipped with scramjet engines could transport cargo quickly and cheaply to the bank(边缘)of space. Such hypersonic jets could carry passengers anywhere in the world in just a few hours.
Out of the three experimental Hyper-X aircrafts built for NASA, only one is now left The agency has plans for another 11-second hypotonic flight, this time at 10 times the speed of sound.

[此处少一页内容]

第二篇
Stop Eating Too Much www.enmajor.com

“Clean your plate!” and “Be a member of the clean-plate club!” Just about every kid in the US has heard this from a parent or grandparent. Often, it's accompanied by an appeal: “Just think about those starving orphans(孤儿)in Africa!” Sure, we should be grateful for every bite of food. Unfortunately, many people in the US take too many bites. Instead of staying “clean the plate”, perhaps we should save some food for tomorrow.
According to news reports, US restaurants are partly to blame for the growing bellies (肚子). A waiter puts a plate of food in front of each customer, with two to four times the amount recommended by the government, according to a USA Today story. Americans traditionally associate quantity with value and most restaurants try to give them that. They prefer to have customers complain about too much food rather than too little.
Barbara Rolls, a nutrition(营养)professor at Pennsylvania State University, told USA Today that restaurant portion sizes began to grow in the 1 970s, the same time that the American waistline(腰围)began to expand.
Health experts have tried to get many restaurants to serve smaller portions. Now, apparently, some customers are calling for this too. The restaurant industry trade magazine QSR reported last month that 57 percent of more than 4,000 people surveyed believed restaurants served portions that were too large; 23 percent had no opinion; 20 percent disagreed. But a closer look at the survey indicates that many Americans who can’t afford fine dining still prefer large portions. Seventy percent of those earning at least $150,000 per year prefer smaller portions; but only 45 percent of those earning less than $25,000 want smaller.
It's not that working class Americans don’t want to eat healthy. It's just that, after long hours at low-paying jobs, getting less on their plate hardly seems like a good deal. They live from paycheck(薪金支票)to paycheck, happy to save a little money for next year’s Christmas presents.

[此处少一页内容]

第三篇
Sunspots

It’s not surprising that sunspots(太阳黑子)were observed by ancient astronomers(天文学家). The largest sunspots on the sun can be seen without a telescope. It was not until the. invention of the telescope(望远镜)in the early 17th century, however, that systematic studies of sunspots could be undertaken. The great astronomer Galileo was among the first to make telescopic observations of sunspots.  www.enmajor.com
Sunspots are regions of extremely strong magnetic fields(磁场)found on the sun’s surface. A sunspot has a dark central core known as the umbra. The umbra is surrounded by a dark ring called the penumbra, where the magnetic field spreads outward. Sunspots appear dark because they are giving off less radiation. They are cooler than the rest of the sun’s Surface.
Sunspots are frequently observed in pairs or in paired groups. The members of a spot pair are identified as the leading spot and the following spot. They are identified by their position in the pair in terms of the direction in which the sun rotates(旋转).
The number of sunspots at any one time varies. A large spot group may consist of as many as 10 groups and 300 Spots across the Sun. The number of spots changes in a fairly regular pattern called the sunspot cycle. The largest number occurs about every 11 years. At sunspot minimum, there are at most just a few small spots.
The average lifetime of an individual spot group is roughly one solar rotation, which is about 25 days. The most persistent large spots, however, can survive for two to three months

41. Careful observations and systematic studies of sunspots
  A. were made by ancient astronomers.
  B. started in the early 17th century.
  C. were made by Galileo only.
  D. could be made without a telescope.
42. Sunspots are cooler than the rest of the sun's surface because
  A. they produce less energy.
  B. they are buried in the sun.
  C. they are far away from magnetic fields.
  D. they are close to magnetic fields.
43. The leading spot and the following spot are the names of
  A. two large sunspots.
  B. a large spot and a small spot.
  C. the two spots in a spot pair.
  D. the central core and the ring around it.
44. If an intense sunspot activity-had occurred in 1857, the next one would have been in
  A. 1858.  B. 1862.   C. 1865.   D. 1868.
45. In the last paragraph the word "persistent" means
  A. important B. effective.  C. enduring.   D. visible.

第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题, 每题2分, 共10分) www.enmajor.com
  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Canada Ikea: What a Great Place for You to Shop

There are many different stores that people go to in order to buy various household goods______(46)The Canada Ikea(宜家)is not confined to one city alone in that country. Instead, you will find there are many different branches spread out in many different localities.
As with all of the Ikea stores the Canada Ikea deals mainly with selling top quality Swedish furniture________(47)One facet(方面)of the Canada Ikea that its customers will like is that the store has the ability of catering(迎合)to their English speaking customers as well as their French customers.
To make shopping for furniture and other goods easy the Ikea stores in every country are all set out in the same manner________(48)As a result of this the Canada Ikea is one that its local and foreign customers enjoy visiting.
To help make it easy for you to shop for the items that you want there are large blue and yellow bags or shopping carts available_______(49)
As you wander through the store you will find many interesting items that you can use for your home or even office. With these products you will have a beautiful house that you can live comfortably in you to shop______(50)The Canada Ikea is a great place for you to shop.

A. This furniture is designed to provide the home owner with stylish(时髦的)furniture that is also affordable and perfect for everyday use.
B. With so many items to be found you are sure to want to buy everything that catches your fancy
C. These bags and carts are perfect for the many different lamp shades, cushions(垫子), bed linens(亚麻布), toys and other medium to small sized objects that you want.
D. This makes it very easy for visitors from other countries to buy the items they need without wandering around the store trying to find their goods.  www.enmajor.com
E. One such store that you can find in many different countries including that of Canada is that of the Ikea chain of stores.
F. The larger sized objects are displayed in the showrooms of the Canada Ikea Stores.

第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题, 每题1分, 共15分)
  下面的短文有15处空白, 请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

Biological Identification Technologies When a person walks, the movement of his head, trunk, and limbs(肢体)are a reflected in changes in his body. A computer stores these ____(51)into a database(数据库). Later, the computer can accurately____(52) him according to these changes. This is a new biological identification ____(53) and it can quickly identify an examinee without disturbing him. it is especially suitable for use in airport and supermarket.
Everybody’s voice is¬____(54). When a person’s voice is recorded by an instrument, his voice frequency spectrum(频谱)is called sound print. ________(55) fingerprint, everybody’s sound print is different. How can a computer ________(56) his sound? First, his voice is recorded, ________(57)allows the computer to become familiar with his voice. It will then turn his sound characteristics into a series of digits(数字). These are the _________(58)on which the computer can distinguish his voice from another's.
We often bring ID cards, work cards, or driving licenses with US to _________(59)our identity. If all these cards are forgotten or lost, how can we prove whom we are? In________(60), it's not difficult to prove whom you are________(61)your body itself has identifying markers. Some are physiological(生理的)features, such as fingerprints, sounds, facial(面部的)types and eye color. The computer can________(62)to identify you. Suppose your features have already been________(63)in the database. To identify you, we have to take your picture with a camera and send it to a computer for________(64). First, the computer needs to reposition this picture according to the position of your eyes, and then starts to read the ________(65)of your physiological features such as the ratio of your pupil to the whites of your eyes and the shape of your nose. Next, it seeks matching records from the database. Finally, it makes a decision.

51. A parts B changes C positions  D directions
52. A identify B inform C affect   D bother
53. A number B card C level   D method
54. A soft B loud  C unique   D clear
55. A With B Like  C For   D As
56. A distinguish B make C gather   D develop
57. A who B where  C that   D which
58. A reasons B causes C basis   D origin
59. A prove B create  C hide   D protect
60. A all B fact   C summary  D case www.enmajor.com
61. A unless B though C so   D because
62. A stop B help   C mean   D continue
63. A stored B borrowed C searched  D linked
64. A printing B researching C processing D filing
65. A point B picture  C size   D message
 

2008年职称英语真题试题答案(理工类 C级):

第一部分 词汇选项

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
C A A D C B C B C C D A D A D

第二部分 阅读判断

16 17 18 19 20 21 22
A A B B C C A

第三部分 概括大意与完成句子

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
B E A D E C A F

第四部分 阅读理解 www.enmajor.com

第一篇 The Hyper-X

31 32 33 34 35
D C A B D

第二篇 Stop eating too much

36 37 38 39 40
C A D A C

第三篇 Sunspots

41 42 43 44 45
B A C D C

第五部分 补全短文

46 47 48 49 50
E A D C B

第六部分 完型填空

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
B A D C B A D C A B D B A C D


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