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全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试级样题及答案

2008年12月27日  所属:职称英语  来源:新东方在线  作者:职称英语样题

全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试各专业类别及各等级样题及答案。

全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试 各专业类别及各等级样题及答案
第1部分:词汇选项  (第1~15题,每题l分,共1 5分)

    下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择l个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

l There are a limited number of books on this subject in the library.
  A large    B total
  C small    D similar
2 How do you account for your absence from the class last Thursday?
  A explain   B examine
  C choose   D expand
3 They had a far better yield than any other farm miles around this year.
  A goods    B soil
  C climate D harvest
4 The town is famous for its magnificent church towers.
  A ancient    B old
  C modern     D splendid
5 Have you got a spare pen?
  A a short    B an extra
  C a thin   D a long
6 What were the consequences of the decision she had made?
  A reasons    B results 
  C causes     D bases   
7 They didn't realize how serious the problem was.
  A know    B forget   
  C doubt   D remember  
8 We shall keep the money in a secure place.
  A clean     B secret
  C distant    D safe
9 The great changes of the city astonished every visitor to that city.
  A attacked    B surprised
  C attracted   D interested
10 The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its centre.
  A get rid of    B set up
  C repair      D paint
11 Argument among the speakers at the conference is bordering on violence.
  A is close to     B is beside
  C is next to       D is alongside
12 We consume a lot more than we are able to produce.
  A waste    B buy
  C use     D sell
13 She overcame her initial shyness and really enjoyed the evenin9.
  A coming      B beginning
  C happening    D existing
14 The football team,for the most part,were confident of winning the match.
  A mostly    B partly   
  C only     D really   
15 I wonder what your aim in life is.
  A attitude B symbol
  C goal      D action

第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判
断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信
息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

Hercules

    Once upon a time there was a great Greek her0,Hercules. He was taller and stronger than anyone you have ever seen. On his shoulder he carried a club and in his hand he held a bow(弓). He was known as the hero of a hundred adventures.
    Hercules served a king. The king was afraid of him. So again and again he sent him on difficult tasks. One morning the king sent for him and told him to fetch three golden apples for him from the garden of the Singing Maidens(歌女). But no one knew where the garden was.
    So Hercules went away. He walked the whole day and the next day and the next. He walked for months before he saw mountains far in the distance one fine morning. One of the mountains was in the shape of a man,with long,long legs and arms and huge shoulders and a huge head. He was holding up the sky. Hercules knew it was Atlas,the Mountain God:So he asked him for help.
    Atlas answered,"My head and arms and shoulders all ache. Could you hold up the sky while I fetch the golden apples for you?"
    Hercules climbed the mountain and shouldered the sky. Soon the sky grew very heavy. When finally Atlas came back with three golden apples,he said," Well, you are going to carry the mountain for ever. I'm going to see the king with the apples."
Hercules knew that he couldn't fight him because of the sky on his back. So he
shouted:
    "Just one minute's help. My shoulders are hurting. Hold the sky for a minute
while I make a cushion(垫子)for my shoulders."
  Atlas believed him. He threw down the apples and held up the sky.
  Hercules picked up the apples and ran back to see the king.

16 Hercules was the tallest man in the world.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
17 Hercules worked in the king's garden.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
18 Hercules was given many difficult tasks because the king wanted to get rid of him.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
19 Atlas was the god who held up the sky.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
20 Atlas ran faster than Hercules.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
21 Atlas got the golden apples for Hercules because he wanted to be the king himself.
    A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
22 Hercules finally managed to get the apples by defeating Atlas.
A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23—30题,每题l分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Hints for Reading Practice

1. Most of US can find l 5 minutes or half an hour each day for some regular activity.
For example,one famous surgeon always spent l 5 minutes reading something before he went to sleep each day. Whether he went to bed at l0 P. m. or 2:30 a. m. made no difference.
2. "Speed Reading" courses teach students how to read more quickly. In such courses,teachers often ask students to find out how many words a minute they are reading. You can do this too:look at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes and write down the page number you have reached.
3. Obviously,you should not increase your reading speed if you do not understand what you are reading. If you find something you don't understand in the book,or you cannot clearly remember the details of what you read, why not read the chapter again?
4. Take four or five pages of an interesting book you happen to be reading now. Read these pages as fast as you can. Don't worry about whether you understand or not. If you keep doing this "lightning speed" reading for a period of time, you will usually find that your normal speed has increased.
5. Most paragraphs in an article have a topic sentence that expresses the central idea. The opening paragraph often suggests the general direction and content of the article,while paragraphs that follow expand or support the first. The closing paragraph often gives a summary of the most important points of the article.

23 Paragraph 2                     
24 Paragraph 3                     
25 Paragraph 4                     
26 Paragraph 5                     
A The organization of An Article
B What's Your Reading Speed?
C How to Increase Your Reading Speed?
D Understanding over Speed
E Read Something Every Day
F Read Extensively
 
27 You are advised to read something before you      .
28 In "Speed Reading" courses,teachers often ask students to      .
29 You can improve your reading speed if you      .
30 It will help you to understand the article if you      .
A find the topic sentences
B  find out the new words
C  keep reading fast
D  go to bed every day
E  keep a record of their reading speed
F look at your watch every few minutes

第4部分:阅读理解(第31—45题,每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面都有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文
并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择l个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置
上。

第一篇   
Football

    Football is,I suppose,the most popular game in England:one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this. Rich and poor,young and old,one can see them all there,shouting and cheering for one side or the other.
    One of the most surprising things about football in England to a stranger is the great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams. He has photographs of them and knows the results of a large number of matches. He will tell you,with a great air of authority,who he expects will win such and such a match,and his opinion is usually as valuable as that of men three or four times his age.
    Most schools in England take football seriously--much more seriously than nearly all European schools,where lessons are all—important(至关重要的),and games are left for private arrangements. In England,it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boy's mind with facts in a classroom;education also means character training. One of the best ways of training character is by means of games,especially team games,where the boy has to learn to work with others for his team,instead of working selfishly(自私地)for himself alone. The school therefore arranges games and matches for its pupils. Football is a good team game,it is good exercise for the body,it needs skill and a quick brain,it is popular and it is cheap. As a result,it is the school's favorite game in the winter.

3l In England football is a game enjoyed
    A only by young people.
    B only by rich people.
    C only by boys.
    D by people of all ages and classes.
32 A stranger in England will be surprised to find that in that country
    A people have little knowledge of football.  
    B girls are more interested in football than boys.
    C even small boys know a lot about football.
    D children are not interested in football at all.
33 There is a great difference between schools in England and those in Europe in that
    A European schools take football seriously.
    B European schools often arrange football matches for their pupils.
    C schools in England care little about lessons.
    D schools in England believe character training to be part of education.
34 According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true of the football game?
    A It makes people selfish.
    B It encourages cooperation.
    C It is good for health.
    D It is not expensive.
35 What is the author's attitude towards the football game in England?
    A Critical.
    B Positive.
    C Negative.
    D Doubtful.

第二篇
The English Weather

    "Other countries have a climate:in England we have weather." This statement,often made by Englishmen to describe the strange weather conditions of their country,is both revealing and true. It is revealing because in it we see the Englishman insisting once again that what happens in England is not the same as what happens elsewhere.  Its truth can be proved by any foreigner who stays in the country for longer than a few days.
    In no country other than England,it has been said,can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day! Day may break as a warm spring morning an hour or so later black clouds may have appeared from nowhere and the rain may be pouring down。At midday it may be really winter with the temperature down by about eight degrees or more centigrade(摄氏度). And then,in the late afternoon the sky will clear,the sun will begin to shine,and for an hour or two before darkness falls,it will be summer.
    In England one can experience almost every kind of weather except the most extreme. (Some foreigners seem to be under the impression that for ten months of the year the country is covered by a dense blanket of fog;this is not true. )The problem is that we never can be sure when the different types of weather will occur. Not only do we get several different sorts of weather in one day,but we may very well get a spell(持续的一段时间)of winter in summer and a spell of summer in winter.
    The uncertainty about the weather has had a definite effect upon the Englishman's character. It tends to make him cautious(小心谨慎的),for example. The foreigner may laugh when he sees the Englishman setting forth on a brilliantly sunny morning wearing a raincoat and carrying an umbrella,but he may well regret his laughter later in the day!
    And,of course,the weather's variety provides a constant topic of conversation.  Even the most taciturn(沉默寡言的)of Englishmen is always prepared to discuss the weather. And,though he sometimes complains bitterly of it,he would not,even. if he could,exchange it for the more predictable climate of other lands.

36 "other countries have a climate; in Eng1and we have weather." This statement suggests that
  A other countries do not have fine weather.
  B you cannot experience four seasons in a year in England.
  C the weather in England often changes and is therefore unique.
  D the weather in England never changes.
37 A special feature of the weather in England is that
  A you can experience four seasons every day throughout the year.
  B it does not have four seasons as other countries do.
  C winter there is the coldest in the world.
  D you may experience different types of weather in a single day.
38 What makes the Englishman cautious,according to the passage?
    A The foreigner's laughter.
    B The cold weather in winter.
    C The uncertainty about the weather.
    D The predictable climate.
39 Which of the following statements is NOT true of the weather in England?
    A England is covered by heavy fog for ten months of the year.
    B It tends to make the Englishman cautious.
    C One cannot be sure when the different types of weather will occur.
    D You may have a spell of winter in summer.
40 The word "lands" in the last sentence could best be replaced by
    A "soil".
    B "earth".
    C "countries".
    D "parts".

第三篇
Lifetime Employment in Japanese Companies

    In most large Japanese companies,there is a policy of lifetime employment. What this means is that when people leave school or university to join an enterprise,they can expect to remain with that organization until they retire. In effect,the employee gets job security for lire,and can only be fired for serious mistakes in work. Even in times of business recession,he or she is free from the fear of being 1aid off.
    One result of this practice is that the Japanese worker identifies closely with his company and feels strong loyalty to it. By working hard for the company,he believes he is safeguarding his Own future. It is not surprising that devotion to one's company is considered a great virtue in Japan. A man is often prepared to put his firm's interests before those of his immediate family.
    The j ob security guaranteed by this system influences the way employees approach their work. They tend to think in terms of what they can achieve throughout their career. This is because they are not judged on how they are performing during a short period of time. They can afford to take a longer perspective than their Western counterparts.
    This marriage between the employee and the company-the consequence of lifetime employment--may explain why Japanese workers seem positively to love the products their company is producing and why they are willing to stay on after work,for little overtime pay,to participate in earnest discussions about the quality control of their products.

41 Lifetime employment in the Japanese company means that the employee
  A leaves his company only when business is bad.
  B gets a job soon after he leaves school or university.
  C can work there throughout his career.
  D can have his serious mistakes in work corrected.
42 Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
  A Family and company interests are equally important•
  B The Japanese worker is very loyal to his company•
  C One's future is guaranteed through hard work.
  D Devotion to one's company is encouraged.
43 Lifetime employment influences one's
    A achievements at work.
    B performance at work.
    C career options.
    D attitude toward work.
44 The Japanese worker is fond of his company's products because of
    A his marriage with the daughter of the president.
    B the close link between him and his company.
    C his willingness to work overtime.
    D his active participation in quality control.
45 The passage mainly discusses
    A how lifetime employment works in Japan.
    B what benefits lifetime employment has brought to Japanese workers.
    C what lifetime employment is.
    D how lifetime employment is viewed.

第5部分:补全短文(第46----50题,每题2分,共10分)

阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5
组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Home Schooling

All children in the United States have to receive an education, but the law does not say they have to be educated at sch001. A number of parents prefer not to send their children to school.     (46). There are about 300,000 home-schoolers in the
United States today. Some parents prefer teaching their children at home because they do not believe that public schools teach the correct religious values;others believe they can provide a better educational experience for their children by teaching them at home.     (47).
David Guterson and his wife teach their three children at home. Guterson says that his children learn very differently from children in sch001.     (48). For example, when there is heavy snowfall on a winter day,it may start a discussion or reading about climate,snow removal equipment,Alaska,polar bears,and winter tourism. Or a spring evening when the family is out watching the stars is a good time to ask questions about satellites and the space program.     (49). 
Home schooling is often more interesting than regular schools,but critics say that home—schoolers are outsiders who might be uncomfortable mixing with other people in adult life.     (50). However,most parents don't have the time or the desire to teach their children at home,So schools will continue to be where most children get their formal education.
A Interestingly,results show that home—schooled children quite often do better
than average on national tests in reading and math.
B Critics also say that most parents are not well qualified to teach their children.
C Learning starts with the children's interests and questions.
D Children who are educated at home are known as "home—schoolers". 
E  In some countries,there are children who are educated by their parents  at home  instead of by teachers at school.
F If the Brazilian rain forests are on the TV news,it could be a perfect time to tall about how rain forests influence the climate,how deserts are formed,and how the polar ice caps affect ocean levels.

第6部分:完形填空(第51—65题,每题l分,共1 5分)

阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择l个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Customs of the World

    If you travel around the world,you will be surprised to find just how different the foreign customs can be from your own.
    A visitor to India would do well to remember that people there    (51)it impolite to use the left hand for passing food at table. The left hand is supposed to be    (52)for washing yourself. Also in India,you might    (53)a man apparently shaking his head at another and assume that he is disagreeing. But in many   (54) of India a shake of the head is a gesture that shows agreement or acceptance. Nodding your head when you are offered a drink in Bulgaria is likely to leave you thirsty. In that country you    (55)your head to indicate "yes"—a nod indicates "no". The Arabs are    (56)for their hospitality(好客). At a meal in the Arabic countries,you will find that any drinking vessel(器皿)is filled again    (57)again as soon as you drain it. The way to     (58) that you have had enough is to take the cup or glass in    (59)hand and give it a little shake from side to side or place your hand over the top.
In Europe it is quite usual to  (60)your legs when sitting talking to someone,even at an important meeting. Doing this when meeting an important person in Thailand,however,could    (61)him or her unhappy. It is considered too informal an attitude    (62)such an occasion. Also when in Thailand you are   (63)supposed to touch the head of an adult-it's just not done.  In Japan,it is quite usual for    (64)to plan evening entertainment for themselves and leave their Wives at home. In Europe such attitudes are disappearing.
Customs vary from country to  (65). Visitors may be at a loss as to what to do in a foreign environment. In such circumstances,the rule is:When in Rome,do as the Romans do.

 51 A achieve     B consider    C test      D help
 52 A noticed     B used        C bought    D caused
 53 A hear        B hope        C miss      D see
 54 A countries   B people      C parts     D hills
 55 A nod         B beat        C shake     D touch
 56 A interested B terrible    C careful   D famous
 57 A and         B till        C also      D still
 58 A discuss     B turn        C indicate D forget
 59 A my          B its         C our       D your
 60 A cross       B put         C take      D hurt
 61 A pay         B stop        C make      D point
 62 A outside     B below       C along     D for
 63 A not         B nor         C none      D no
 64 A men         B women       C boys      D girls
 65 A area        B place       C country   D space

全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试
各专业类别及各等级样题答案

1 C  2 A  3 D  4 D  5 B  6 B  7 A  8 D  9 B  10 A  11 A  12 C  13 B  14 A  14 A  15 C  16 A  17 C  18 A  19 A  20 C  21 B  22 B
23 B  24 D  25 C  26 A  27 D    28 E  29 C  30 A 
31 D  32 C  33 D  34 A  35 B  36 C  37 D  38 C  39 A  40 C  41 C  42 A  43 D  44 B  45 A 
46 D  47 A  48 C  49 F  50 B 
51 B  52 B  53 D  54 C  55 C  56 D  57 A  58 C  59 D  60 A  61 C  62 D  63 A  64 A  65 C


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