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新视野大学英语读写教程1 Unit 7

2010年05月22日  所属:大学英语  来源:互联网  作者:新视野大学英语读写教程1

新视野大学英语读写教程1第一册Unit7:课文、词汇单词:Face to Face with Guns;Should I Have a Gun?

Unit 7


Section A

Pre-reading Activities
 
First Listening
    Having ideas about a story before you read it is an important reading skill. Please listen to a very short piece of recording.

Second Listening
    Now listen to the recording for the second time and try to the best of your ability to answer the following questions.
    1. How many things did the thieves steal from the man? What were they?
    2. What saved the man's life?
    3. What is the raging river?

Face to Face with Guns

    Like most city folks, I'm cautious. I scan the street and pathways for anything— or anyone — unusual before pulling into the garage. That night was no exception. But, as I walked out of the garage, KFC chicken in hand, a portly, unshaven young man in a stocking cap and dark nylon jacket emerged from the shrub by the parking pad and put his pistol between my eyes.
    "Give it up, mother —," he threatened. "Give it up."
    "Hey," I said, "just take it." As I spoke, I set the KFC box on the planter beside the pathway, contriving as I did so to toss my house keys into a bush.
    "Where's your money? Where's your money?" he barked. Everything he said during our encounter was repeated; instinctively, I did the same.
    "It's in my wallet. It's in my wallet," I said.
    He moved behind me, put his gun on my neck and began to search my trousers' pockets.
    "Where's your wallet?" he asked.
    "It's in my back pocket."
    "Where's the rest of your money?"
    "I don't have any more money."
    "Where's your watch?"
    "Here," I replied, extending my left arm sideways.
    Just then, his partner appeared. Slight and shorter, he held an enlarged blue steel pistol. His dark eyes shone like polished glass; his arms and legs moved unexpectedly, as if attached to unseen wires.
    His voice snapped, "Stop looking at us. Stop looking at us."
    He wasn't stupid. I've seen enough criminal trials to know victims of armed attacks are seldom able to identify their offenders because their attention focuses on the guns, rather than on their users. I consciously noted details of their faces.
    "I'm not looking at you," I lied as the big one ripped the watch from my wrist.
    "Get down. Get down," the thin one ordered. He grabbed my glasses and tossed them onto the lawn.
    By then, I was flat on my face on the pathway, its dirt against my forehead. The big one's gun dug into the back of my head, the thin one's pistol into my left temple.
    I thought, "I am going to die. This is going to kill Leslie. Lord, have mercy on me, a sinner."
    "What's this?" the big one asked.
    I rolled my head to the right.
    "It's KFC chicken," I said.
    "We'll take it," the big one snapped.
    And, suddenly — wallet, watch and chicken in hand — their footsteps faded down the darkened street.
    I turned to see their shadows get into a car and speed away.
    I had been spared, but by what? Mercy? A short attention span? Hunger?
    "How peculiar," I thought, "to have your life saved by fried chicken. I saw eternity; they saw food."
    I got to my feet, found the keys, entered and called 911. The operator took a description of the robbers and sent a police car. I poured a stiff drink and, soon, two uniformed officers of the LAPD arrived. They took a report and admitted the "important thing" was nobody was hurt.
    "But," one officer said on leaving, "taking your chicken, that's rough."
    Later, an officer telephoned for additional details. He said the pair's methods suggested they might be the same men who had committed a number of robberies in the area over the past few months. He asked me to come to the station and look through mug shots.
    So, last Monday I looked through album-sized books of pictures mostly of young men — an amazing number of them actually children.
    Turning those pages and studying their photographs is like flowing on a sad current that, like Blake's Thames, seems to "mark in every face, marks of weakness, marks of woe."
    Together, these young men are a kind of river — one that is out of control, eating at the foundations of things we hold dear: our freedom to move about; the fruits of labor; our own lives and those of people we value. Some day, we will have to face this river and seek the depths of its discontent.
    Presently, all we can do is look at mug shots and stick our fingers in the dam.

    Words: 687

NEW WORDS

cautious
a.   taking great care to escape possible danger 十分小心的,谨慎的

unusual
a.   not expected or usual 异乎寻常的,不平常的

exception
n.   a person or thing that is not included 除外,例外;除外的人或事

shave
v.   remove hair from the face or another part of the body with a razor 剃胡须,剃去……上的毛发

unshaven
a.   not recently shaved 未剃须的,未修面的,有短髭的

stocking
n.   (usu.pl.) 长(统)袜,袜子
stocking cap 圆锥形绒线帽,针织帽

nylon
a. & n. 耐纶(制的),尼龙的;耐纶织品,尼龙织品

▲shrub
n.   a small bush 灌木

pad
n.   1.(停车的)地方,(简易机场的)飞机起落段
2. 垫,衬垫

▲pistol
n.   a small gun that one holds in one hand 手枪

▲contrive
v.   manage to do or make something although there are difficulties 设法做到

▲toss
vt.  throw into or through the air 扔,抛,掷

bark
v.   1. speak to someone in a loud voice with an angry or aggressive tone 厉声地说,咆哮
2. (used about dogs) make a loud, short noise or noises (狗)吠,叫

instinct
n.   natural habit of behaving in a particular way, without thinking and without having been taught 本能,天性

instinctively
ad. (出于)本能地,(出于)天性地

▲wallet
n.   a small case made of cloth, animal skin or plastic, etc. carried in the pocket and used for holding paper money, personal papers, etc. 皮夹子

trousers
n.  (尤指男子穿的)长裤,西(装)裤

sideway(s)
ad.  to or towards one side (斜)向一边(或一侧),向旁边

slight
a.   1. thin and light 瘦小的
2. small; not great; not very bad 少量的;轻微的;不严重的

enlarge
vt.  make sth. larger 扩大,扩展,使增大

polish
v.   1. make sth. smooth and shiny by rubbing 擦,擦光,擦亮
2. improve 使完美,改进

unexpected
a.   not expected; sudden 没有料到的,突如其来的

unexpectedly
ad.  in a way that is not expected 没有料到地,突如其来地

attach
vt.  tie or join sth. to sth. else 系,贴;连接

criminal
a.   against law 犯罪的,犯法的,刑事的
n.   a person who is at fault in a crime 罪犯

victim
n.   a person who suffers harm or death as a result of someone else's action or a natural terrible event, etc.受害者,牺牲者

offend
v.   1. break a law, etc. 违法,违犯
2. make someone feel upset or angry 冒犯,触怒

offender
n.   a person who offends against the law 犯法的人,犯规的人

user
n.   a person who uses particular goods, machines or services 使用者,用户

detail
n.   (often pl.)a small part or piece 细节,详情

▲rip
vt.  remove sth. with speed and violence, using one's hands; tear 猛力扯掉,移去或去除

wrist
n.   the part of one's arm at the joint between hand and forearm 腕,腕关节

lawn
n.   an area of grass in a garden or park that is regularly cut 草坪,草地

dirt
n.   matter that is not clean, such as dust or wet earth 污物,烂泥,灰尘

forehead
n.   the part of the face above the eyebrows 额,前额

temple
n.   either of the flat parts of one's head at the side of the forehead 太阳穴

lord
n.   (in the Christian faith) God or Jesus Christ 上帝,耶稣基督

mercy
n.   kindness to sb. 慈悲,怜悯,仁慈

sin
n.   wrong; a wicked act, especially one that breaks a religious law (违背道德规范的)罪;罪恶;(违犯宗教戒律的)罪孽
vi.  do wrong to commit a sin 违反教规,违犯戒律,犯罪

sinner
n.   a person who sins (宗教、道德上的)罪人

footstep
n.   the sound made by walking 脚步(声)

span
n.   the full time for which anything lasts 一段时间,持续时间

fry
vt.  cook in hot oil or fat 油煎,油炒

eternal
a.   without end; lasting for ever 永恒的,永久的,不断的

▲eternity
n.   1. the state or time after death 不朽,来世
2. time without end 永恒,无穷

operator
n.   1. someone who connects telephone calls 电话接线员,机务员,话务员
2. someone who works a machine 操作员,技工

rob
vt.  steal from a person, place, etc. 抢劫

robber
n.   a person who steals from a person, place, etc. 抢劫者;强盗,盗贼

robbery
n.   the crime of stealing from a person, place, etc. 抢劫罪,抢劫(案)

stiffa.   1. (used about alcoholic drink) strong (酒)浓的,烈性的
2. Very firm; not easily bent or folded; rigid 僵硬的,挺的,不易弯曲的

additional
a.   extra 额外的,另外的

current
n.   a continuous flowing movement of water, air, etc.(水、空气等的)流,潮流
a.   from or about the present time 现时的,当前的

■woe
n.   [U] great sadness 哀愁

foundation
n.   1. the idea, law, or fact on which sth. is based 基础,基本原理,根据
2. an organization established with money so that it may continue into the future 基金会3. the act of founding sth. 建立,设立

presently
ad.  1. now 现在,目前
2. soon 不久,一会儿

dam
n.   a wall built across a river to hold back the water and form a lake behind it 坝,堤

PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS

face to face (with)
1. close to and looking at someone or something 面对面的/地
2. no escape from sth. and haveing to deal with it 无法逃避,只能去处理

pull into
arrive and stop; move to (one side)(车)停靠;驶向(一旁等)

as if
with the appearance of; apparently 好像

attach to
fix sth. to sth. else; join to 系在……上;连接到……上

rather than
instead of; less likely 而不

have mercy on someone
show kindness to an enemy, sinner, one who does wrong, etc. 可怜某人

get to one's feet
stand up 站起来

look through
look quickly in; examine or study carefully 浏览;仔细检查

be out of control
be impossible to deal with or guide 失去控制

eat (away) at
damage or destroy bit by bit 逐渐毁掉,侵蚀
 PROPER NAMES

KFC
Kentucky Fried Chicken 肯德基炸鸡连锁店
 
Leslie
莱斯利(人名)
 
LAPD
the Los Angeles Police Department 洛杉矶警察局

Blake
布莱克(1757-1827,英国诗人和版画家)

Thames
(the~ ) 英国英格兰南部泰晤士河(流经牛津、伦敦等)

Section B

Should I Have a Gun?

    I own a black gun with a brown handle. It holds five bullets and stays loaded by my bed.
    I've always advocated gun control; the odd thing is I still do. It wasn't ignorance of crime statistics that previously kept me from owning a gun nor thinking I was immune to violence.

    1. What is the purpose for the writer to have a loaded gun since she is in favor of gun control?

    I assumed because I didn't believe in violence, because I wasn't violent, I wouldn't be affected by violence. I believed my belief in the best of human nature could make it real.
    I should transport the gun from my residence to my vehicle, but I don't. What the gun is capable of, what it is intended for, still frightens me more than what it may prevent. If I carry my gun and I am attacked, I must use it to kill, not just injure.

    2. Why did the writer choose not to take her gun along with her since she has her gun loaded?

    I have confronted an attacker in my imagination, not in reality. A man is walking down the street. I lock my car and walk to my apartment with my key ready. Before I reach the door, I think I hear a voice say, money. Before I open the door I hear a voice and turn to see the man with a gun.
    He is frightened. I am frightened I will scare him and he will shoot, or I will give him my money and he will still shoot. I am also angry because a gun is pointed at me by someone I've never met and never hurt.
    Something makes me uncomfortable about this imagined robbery, something I don't want to admit, something I almost intentionally omitted because I am ashamed.

    3. What, do you think, is the something that makes the writer feel uncomfortable?

    I understand why I imagined being robbed by a man: They're physically more dominating and I've never heard of anyone being robbed by a female.
    But why is he a black man? Why is he a Negro male with a worn T-shirt and shining eyes? Why is he not a white man?

    4. Why is it that the writer's imagined robber is always a man and especially a black man?

    I imagine standing in a gas station on Claiborne and Jackson waiting to pay the cashier when a black man walks up behind me. I do not turn around. I stare ahead waiting to pay. I try not to reveal I feel anxiety just because a black man has walked up behind me in a gas station in a bad neighborhood and he does not have a car.

    5. What does a bad neighborhood mean here?

    I imagine another possibility. I am walking with my gun in my hand when I hear the voice. The man mustn't have seen my gun. I get angry because I am threatened, because someone is endangering my life for the money in my pocket.
    I turn and without really thinking, angry and frightened, I shoot. I kill a man for $50 or perhaps $100. It doesn't matter that he was trying to rob me. A man has died for money, not my money or his money, just money. Who put that price on his life?

    6. What is the writer's level of comfort with killing a robber in self-defense?

    I remember driving one night with my friend in her parents' automobile. We stopped at a red light at Carlton and Tulane where a black man was crossing the street in front of us. My friend automatically locked the doors.
    I am disgusted she saw the man as a reminder to lock her doors. I wonder if he noticed us doing so. I wonder how it feels when people lock their doors at the sight of you.

    7. What does the writer intend to say when she finds her friend locking the doors at the sight of a black man?

    I imagine another confrontation in front of my apartment. I have my gun when a man asks for money. I am angry and scared, but I do not use the gun. I fear what may happen if I don't use it, but am more afraid of killing another human being, more afraid of trying to live with the guilt of murdering another person. I bet my life that he will take my money and leave. I hope I win.

    8. What does "I  hope I win" mean?

    Now I enter a gasoline station near my house. A black man is already waiting in line. He jumps and turns around. Seeing me, he relaxes and says I scared him because of the way things have become in this neighborhood.
    Sorry, I say and smile. I realize I'm not the only one who is frightened.

    Words: 700

NEW WORDS

handle
n.   a part of something that is used for holding or opening it 柄,把手
vt.  deal with or control 处理,处置,操纵

bullet
n.   a small rounded piece of metal with a pointed end that is fired from a gun 枪弹,子弹

advocate
vt.  advise or say that you support a particular plan or action 主张,拥护,提倡
n.   a person who supports a particular plan or action, especially in public 拥护者,提倡者

odd
a.   strange; unusual; peculiar 奇怪的;奇特的

ignorance
n.   lack of information or knowledge 无知,不知

crime
n.   wrong moral behavior in general; something which is against the law 罪,罪行

statistics
n.   1. collected information shown in numbers 统计资料;统计
2. (with singular v.) the science of collecting and examining these numbers for patterns 统计学

previous
a.   coming or happening before or earlier 以前的,先前的

previously
ad.  before the present time 以前,先前(地)

violence
n.   great roughness and force, especially that destroys, injures or damages 暴力(行为),强暴(行为),猛烈

violent
a.   having, using, or showing great force 暴力的,强暴的,猛烈的

affect
vt.  1. influence or cause sb./ sth. to change in a particular way 影响
2. cause sb. to feel very sad, angry, etc.(在感情方面)打动,震动

transport
vt.  move sb./ sth. from one place to another (in a vehicle) 运送,搬运

residence
n.   a person's home; the grand house of someone important 住处,住宅,大宅

capable
a.   1. having the ability of or quality for doing sth. 能……的,有……能力的
2. having (especially practical) ability; able 有能力的;有才能的

intend
v.   1. plan, mean or make sth. for a particular person or purpose (为……而)准备,打算使……成为
2. plan or mean to do sth. 想要,打算,计划

injure
vt.  harm or hurt a person, an animal or part of the body 伤害,损害

confront
vt.  1. face or meet an enemy, difficulty, etc. 与……相对,面临,遭遇
2. make sb. face or consider someone or something unpleasant, difficult, etc. 使面对,使面临,使当面作证

imagination
n.   something only existing or happening in the mind, not in physical life 想像力,想像的事物

reality
n.   that which is actual or physical and not imagined 现实,实际

apartment
n.   1. a room 房间
2. a flat; a set of rooms for living in 一套公寓房间

intention
n.   what someone intends or means to do; a plan or purpose 意图,打算,目的

intentionally
ad.  on purpose; not by chance 故意地,有意地

omit
vt.  not include something 排除,省略

dominate
vt.  have control over (a place or a person), or be the most important person or thing 支配,统治,在……中占首要地位

female
n. & a. a woman or a girl; an animal that can produce babies from its own body 女性(的); 雌性动物

Negro
n.   (offensive) a person belonging to, or born from, the black-skinned races of Africa (含岐视意味)黑人,具有黑人血统的人

male
n. & a. a man or a boy; an animal that cannot have babies 男性(的);雄性动物

gas
n.   1. (=gasoline) the liquid that is used as fuel for motor vehicles such as cars and airplanes 汽油
2. a form of matter that is like air 气,气体

cashier
n.   the person in a bank, shop, gas station, etc. that customers pay money to or get money from 出纳员,收银员

reveal
vt.  make sth. known; show; allow to be seen 揭示,展现,使显露

anxiety
n.   a feeling of worry or fear 焦虑,担忧

neighborhood (英neighbourhood)
n.   a particular part of a town and the people who live there 地段,地区,居民点

possibility
n.   something that might happen or be true; something that is possible; the state of being possible 可能的事,可能的情况;可能(性)

automobile (缩auto)
n.   a car 汽车

automatic
a.   1. (used about a machine) that can work by itself without direct human control 自动的,以自动装置完成的
2. (used about actions) done without thinking or like a machine 不经思索的,机械的

automatically
ad.  1. without thinking about what is being done 不加思索地,无意识地
2. by the action of a machine, without a person making it work 自动地

guilt
n.   1. the feeling of haveing done sth. wrong 内疚
2. the fact of having broken a law 罪,犯罪

guilty
a.   1. having broken a law; being responsible for doing sth. wrong 有罪的;证明(或判决)有罪的
2. showing or having the feeling of having done sth. wrong 自知有过失的,内疚的

bet
v.   1. risk money on the result of a race, game, match, or a future event 以(钱、物等)打赌
2. be very certain 确信,敢说

gasoline
n.   the liquid that is used as fuel for motor vehicles such as cars and airplanes 汽油

PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS
 
be immune to
not be affected by 不受……影响的,对……有免疫力的

believe in
consider (sth.) to be of worth or to be true; have faith or trust in 相信……可行,相信……的真实性,信任,信仰

be capable of
be able to do 有能力做,能做

hear of
learn about; gain information about 听说

in front of
in a position further forward than but close to sb./ sth.; in the company of sb. 在……前面;在……面前

at the sight of
when seeing 一看见

PROPER NAMES

Claiborne
克莱尔本街(地名)

Jackson
杰克逊街(地名)

Carlton
卡尔顿街(地名)

Tulane
图兰街(地名)

Section C

A Bank Robbery

    It was about midday. I'd left work early in the morning to cash (兑现)a cheque. I walked along to the bank and found there were only about ten or eleven customers in there, a pretty unusual number for those central city banks.

    1. What could make the writer sense that something was about to happen at this moment?

    I waited until it was my turn, walked up to the desk and started talking to the bank clerk. He had a really strange expression on his face — just sort of a blank(茫然的)stare. I thought he was looking at me until I realised he was staring over my shoulder.
    I began to turn round to see what he was looking at and at the same moment, the outside bank guard, the one with the machine gun, came flying through the door and lay face down on the floor. Following him through the door were three absolutely frightening men wearing those horrible stocking masks. They were carrying guns; at least the one in front was carrying a pistol.
    Whether or not they said anything I can't remember to this day, or whether people just automatically put their hands up I don't know. I put my hands up but I just didn't know what to do.
    For a few moments there was just total silence, suddenly broken by the telephone ringing. I remember wondering who was on the other end of the line. Nobody answered the telephone, so it just kept on ringing and ringing, in this otherwise(不然)deathly quiet.
    Then two of the masked men went to the counter(柜台), jumped over it and got the cashiers and bank clerks to start filling their bags with cash. While the two were getting the money, the one at the door covering us with the gun obviously got a bit of an anxiety attack and started swearing(咒骂)at them, telling them to hurry up and get a move on.

    2. Why did the robber get a bit of an anxiety attack now?

    They jumped back over the counter. One of them lost his balance when he landed on the floor and fell over. The other two swore at him again. Then they left through the door, warning us, "Don't move. Stay like that with your hands up for ten minutes." Then they just disappeared. There was total silence.
    We put our hands down but I just stayed exactly where I was. Then one of the bank workers pressed a button behind the counter and the steel gate at the front of the bank moved into place so that we were locked in. We just stayed like that until the police arrived three or four minutes later.
    They picked up the bank guard who, poor fellow, was still lying flat on the floor. There was a good deal of confusion(混乱).
    As though in a dream, I just wandered(漫步)out of the bank. Nobody tried to stop me. The police didn't seem interested in me. They didn't want to question me. I wasn't asked to be a witness(证人)or anything so I just wandered out of the bank.

    3. What did the writer intend to say here?

    Life as normal was going on outside in the busy street and I wandered back to the school. On the way back I ran into the school's accountant(会计)and quietly mentioned to him that I'd just been in a bank robbery. Of course, he was absolutely amazed and asked, "Do you want to come for a drink?" I said "OK."
    In fact, it was only at that point that I really began to feel nervous and felt myself trembling a little bit. I was all right later on after I'd had a couple of drinks, but it only really came home to me what had happened at that point.

    4. Why did the writer feel nervous only at this moment?

    What still amazes me is that the robbers went out onto the street, one of the busiest in Naples, in the middle of the day, and just disappeared into thin air. I still find that absolutely unbelievable.

    5. What did the writer want to express here?

    Words: 636 
 


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