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新视野大学英语读写教程1 Unit3

2010年05月22日  所属:大学英语  来源:互联网  作者:新视野大学英语读写教程1

新视野大学英语读写教程1 Unit3:A Good Heart to Lean On;The Right Son at the Right Time。

Unit 3


Section A

Pre-reading Activities

First Listening
    Having ideas about a story before you read it is an important reading skill. Please listen to a very short piece of recording.

Second Listening
    Now listen to the recording for the second time and try to the best of your ability to answer the following questions.
    1. Why do you think people stared at the father and the son?
    2. What do you think a "good heart" is?
    3. What is the difference between how the son felt about his father as a youth and how he feels many years later?
    4. Now read the story below. How close did you come to knowing the answers before you read the whole story?

A Good Heart to Lean On

More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance.

    When I was growing up, I was embarrassed to be seen with my father. He was severely crippled and very short, and when we walked together, his hand on my arm for balance, people would stare. I would inwardly struggle at the unwanted attention. If he ever noticed or was bothered, he never let on.
    It was difficult to coordinate our steps — his halting, mine impatient — and because of that, we didn't say much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said, "You set the pace. I will try to adjust to you."
    Our usual walk was to or from the subway on which he traveled to work. He went to work sick, and despite nasty weather. He almost never missed a day, and would make  to the office even if others could not. A matter of pride.
    When snow or ice was on the ground, it was impossible for him to walk, even with help. At such times my sisters or I would pull him through the streets of Brooklyn, N.Y., on a child's wagon with steel runners to the subway entrance. Once there, he would cling to the hand-rail until he reached the lower steps that the warmer tunnel air kept free of ice. In Manhattan the subway station was the basement of his office building, and he would not have to go outside again until we met him in Brooklyn on his way home.
    When I think of it now, I am amazed at how much courage it must have taken for a grown man to subject himself to such shame and stress. And at how he did it—without bitterness or complaint.
    He never talked about himself as an object of pity, nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or able. What he looked for in others was a "good heart", and if he found one, the owner was good enough for him.
    Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper standard by which to judge people, even though I still don't know precisely what a "good heart" is. But I know the times I don't have one myself.
    Unable to engage in many activities, my father still tried to participate in some way. When a local baseball team found itself without a manager, he kept it going. He was a knowledgeable baseball fan and often took me to Ebbets Field to see the Brooklyn Dodgers play. He liked to go to dances and parties, where he could have a good time just sitting and watching.
    On one occasion a fight broke out at a beach party, with everyone punching and shoving. He wasn't content to sit and watch, but he couldn't stand unaided on the soft sand. In frustration he began to shout, "I'll fight anyone who will sit down with me! I'll fight anyone who will sit down with me!"
    Nobody did. But the next day people kidded him by saying it was the first time any fighter was urged to take a dive before the fight began.
    I now know he participated in some things through me, his only son. When I played ball (poorly), he "played" too. When I joined the Navy, he "joined" too. And when I came home on leave, he saw to it that I visited his office. Introducing me, he was really saying, "This is my son, but it is also me, and I could have done this, too, if things had been different." Those words were never said aloud.
    He has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he sensed my reluctance to be seen with him during our walks. If he did, I am sorry I never told him how sorry I was, how unworthy I was, how I regretted it. I think of him when I complain about trifles, when I am envious of another's good fortune, when I don't have a "good heart."
    At such times I put my hand on his arm to regain my balance, and say, "You set the pace. I will try to adjust to you."

    Words: 694

NEW WORDS

lean
vi.  1. rest on sth. in a listing position for support 倚;靠
2. be in a listing position; bend 倾斜;倾向;偏向

balance
n.   1. even sharing of weight; even; equal 平衡;均衡
2. condition that exists when two opposites are equal or in even lots or percents 均势,平衡
v.   1. (cause to) be even and keep in balance (使)平衡,(使)均衡
2. consider in relation to something else; compare 权衡;比较

severe
a.   1. very bad, intense, difficult, etc 非常恶劣的;紧张的;困难的
2. strict or hard in thinking or treatment; using strict discipline 严格的;严肃的;严厉的

severely
ad.  in a severe or strict way 严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地

▲cripple
vt.  1. make a person unable to walk or move properly because of damage to the back or legs 使跛;使残废
2. damage or reduce strength (sth.) seriously 严重地损坏;削弱
n.   [C] someone who is unable to use one or more of his body parts, esp. the legs 伤残人(或动物)

inward
a.   1. located within; inside (esp. in the mind or spirit) 在内的;内部的(尤指在头脑中、精神上)
2. turned toward the inside 向内的

inwardly
ad.  in mind or spirit 内心或精神方面

coordinate
vt.  cause (different parts, body parts, etc.) to work together very well 使协调

halt
v.   stop; interrupt 暂停;中断;中止
n.   a stop or pause 暂停;中断;中止

impatient
a.   1. unable to deal calmly with sth./sb. or to wait for sth.; easily annoyed by sth./sb.; not patient 不能冷静地对待或等待的;易烦躁的;不耐心的
2. very eager to do sth. or for sth. to happen; anxious 急切的;渴望的

pace
n.   1. speed, esp. of walking or running (尤指走或跑的)速度
2. speed of progress or development, esp. of an activity 进步或发展的速度(尤指某项活动的速度)
vi.  walk with slow, regular, even steps 踱步,慢步走

adjust
v.   1. (to) become or make suited (to new conditions); change 使适应(新环境);适应
2. (to) change (sth.) by a small bit so that it will fit or be right for use; make regular 调整;校准;调准

subway
n.   1. [C] a railway under the ground in a city(城市中的)地下铁道
2. [C] a tunnel for walking under the ground, esp. one under a road or railway (尤指马路或铁路下方的)地下通道;人行隧道

despite
prep.without being influenced by (the points mentioned) 尽管;不管

▲nasty
a.   1. unpleasant; horrible; disgusting 令人不快的;令人厌恶的
2. unkind; hostile 不友善的;恶意的

wagon
n.   1. a kind of toy handcart for children 儿童手推车
2. a four-wheeled box for carrying heavy loads, usu. pulled by horses or oxen 四轮运货马(牛)车
3. a railway goods or passenger car 铁路货车(或客车)车厢

▲cling
vi.  1. (to) hold on tightly to sb./sth. 抱住;抓紧
2. (to) be unwilling to let go of sth.; refuse to give sth. up 坚持, 坚守;拒不放弃;抱定

rail
n.   1. [C] 横挡;栏杆;护栏
2. [C](火车或电车的)铁轨

hand-rail
n.   [C] (楼梯等的)扶手

tunnel
n.   [C] a passage under the ground, e.g. for a road or railway through a hill or under a river or the sea 地下隧道;(为公路或铁路穿过山岭、河流或海底的)隧道

▲basement
n.   [C] the lowest room or rooms in a building, partly or wholly below ground level 地下室

amaze
vt.  fill (sb.) with great surprise or wonder 使大为惊讶;使惊愕

stress
n.   1.demands or worry (resulting from mental or body problems, difficult situations, etc.)(由于精神、体力不适或困境等造成的)压力;忧虑;紧张
2. special pushing or importance 强调;重视
vt.  1. give particular importance to; push 强调;重视
2. give force to (a word or word-part) when speaking 重读,读重音

complain
vi.  (about, of) say that one is not satisfied or unhappy 抱怨;诉苦
complaint
n.   1. the act of saying that one is not satisfied or unhappy 抱怨;诉苦
2. a report of lack of satisfaction 控告;投诉;抱怨

envy
n.   (of, at, towards) feeling of lack of worth caused by sb. else's good fortune or success, esp. when one wishes this for oneself 妒忌;羡慕
vt.  feel envy of (sb.) or at (sth.) 羡慕;妒忌

envious
a.   (of) full of envy; feeling, showing or expressing envy 妒忌的;羡慕的

owner
n.   a person to whom sth. belongs 物主;所有人

precise
a.   1. stated clearly and accurately 精确的;准确的;明白的;无误的
2. exact; particular 正好;就在

precisely
ad.  exactly; just 准确地;精确地;正好;恰恰

engage
v.   1. (in) (cause sb.to) take part in or be occupied in sth.(使)从事;(使)忙于
2. employ sb.; hire sb. 雇用;聘用
3. use or attract (sb.'s thoughts, time, etc.) 使全神贯注;引起(注意);占用(时间)

local
a.   belonging to a particular place or district 地方的;当地的;本地的
n.   someone who lives in the area 当地居民

baseball
n.   棒球运动;棒球

occasion
n.   1. [C] a particular time (at which an event takes place)(事件发生的)特定时刻;时机
2. [C] a suitable or right time (for sth.); an opportunity (适当的)时机;机会

punch
v.   1. strike (sb./sth.) hard with the fist 用拳猛击
2. use a punch to cut (a hole) in (sth.) 用打孔机打孔

▲ shove
vi.  push (sb./sth.) roughly 推;挤;撞

aid
n.   [U] help 帮助;援助;救护
vt.  give support to; help 帮助,援助

unaided
a.   without help; by one's self 无助的;独力的

kid
vi.  1. make fun of (sb.) 开玩笑
2. deceive (sb.), esp. through playing; fool 欺骗;哄骗
n.   a child or young person 小孩或年轻人

urge
vt.  1. try hard or repeatedly to persuade (sb.) 力劝
2. encourage or excite sb. to do sth. 鼓励;催促;鞭策
n.   a strong wish or need 强烈愿望,迫切需求

dive
n.   (American slang)a pretending to be struck down to the ground in boxing (美俚)(拳击中)假装被击倒
vi.  throw oneself head first into the water 跳水,潜水

navy
n.   1. (一国的)海军
2. 一个国家的军舰及其全体官兵

reluctant
a.   unwilling and therefore slow to work with sb. or to agree, etc. 不愿意的;迟迟不合作的;不同意的

reluctance
n.   [U] not willing to do sth. 不愿;勉强

worthy
a.   1. having respect or careful thought 值得尊敬的;值得考虑的
2. (of) owning sth. or to do sth. 值得……的;应……的;足以……的

unworthy
a.   1. not owning 不值得的;不配的
2. not suited to the nature of sb./sth.(与……的身份、资格、性质)不适合的;不相称的

▲trifle
n.   a thing, question or activity that has little value or importance 无价值的或不重要的东西、问题、行动、琐事,小事
v.   (with) treat without the necessary seriousness or respect 轻视,小看

PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS

grow up
develop from being a child to being a man or woman 成长,长大

start out
begin a journey 出发

make it
arrive in time 及时赶到

even if
although 即使,虽然

subject to
cause to experience or suffer 使……遭受

now that
because (something has happened) 既然

even though
in spite of the fact that, even if 虽说,即使

in some way
in a certain manner 以某种方式

have a good time
enjoy oneself (by doing sth.) 过得愉快

break out
begin suddenly and often violently 爆发,突然发生

on leave
spending time away from work or duty 休假

see to
take care; make sure 照料;务必做到,务须

PROPER NAMES
Brooklyn
布鲁克林区(美国纽约市行政区名)

Manhattan
曼哈顿区(美国纽约市行政区名)(由曼哈顿岛等构成)

Ebbets Field
埃贝茨球场

Dodgers
道奇队


Section B

The Right Son at the Right Time

    The story began on a downtown Brooklyn street corner. An elderly man had collapsed while crossing the street, and an ambulance rushed him to Kings County Hospital. There, when he came to now and again, the man repeatedly called for his son.
    From a worn letter located in his pocket, an emergency-room nurse learned that his son was a Marine stationed in North Carolina. Apparently there were no other relatives.
    Someone at the hospital called the Red Cross office in Brooklyn, and a request for the boy to rush to Brooklyn was sent to the Red Cross director of the North Carolina Marine Corps camp. Because time was short — the patient was dying — the Red Cross man and an officer set out in an army vehicle. They found the young man walking through some marshes in a military exercise. He was rushed to the airport in time to catch the sole plane that might enable him to reach his dying father.
    It was dusk when the young Marine walked into the entrance lobby of Kings County Hospital. A nurse took the tired, anxious serviceman to the bedside.
    "Your son is here," she said to the old man. She had to repeat the words several times before the patient's eyes opened. The medicine he had been given because of the pain from his heart attack made his eyes weak and he only dimly saw the young man in Marine Corps uniform standing outside the oxygen tent. He extended his hand. The Marine wrapped his strong fingers around the old man's limp ones, squeezing a message of love and encouragement. The nurse brought a chair, so the Marine could sit by the bed.
    Nights are long in hospitals, but all through the night the young Marine sat there in the dimly-lit ward, holding the old man's hand and offering words of hope and strength. Occasionally, the nurse urged the Marine to rest for a while. He refused.
    Whenever the nurse came into the ward, the Marine was there, but he paid no attention to her and the night noises of the hospital — the banging of an oxygen tank, the laughter of the night staff exchanging greetings, the cries and moans and breathing of other patients. Now and then she heard him say a few gentle words. The dying man said nothing, only held tightly to his son through most of the night.
    It was nearly dawn when the patient died. The Marine placed the lifeless hand he had been holding on the bed, and went to inform the nurse. While she did what she had to do, he smoked a cigarette, his first since he got to the hospital.
    Finally, she returned to the nurse's station, where he was waiting. She started to offer words of sympathy, but the Marine interrupted her. "Who was that man?" he asked.
    "He was your father," she answered, startled.
    "No, he wasn't," the Marine replied. "I never saw him before in my life."
    "Why didn't you say something when I took you to him?" the nurse asked.
    "I knew immediately there'd been a mistake, but I also knew he needed his son, and his son just wasn't here. When I realized he was too sick to tell whether or not I was his son, I guessed he really needed me. So I stayed. "
    With that, the Marine turned and exited the hospital. Two days later a message came in from the North Carolina Marine Corps base informing the Brooklyn Red Cross that the real son was on his way to Brooklyn for his father's funeral. It turned out there had been two Marines with the same name and similar numbers in the camp. Someone in the personnel office had pulled out the wrong record.
    But the wrong Marine had become the right son at the right time. And he proved, in a very human way, that there are people who care what happens to their fellow men.

    Words: 661

NEW WORDS

elderly
a.   (of people) rather old; senior; past middle age(指人)年龄相当大的;中年以上的

collapse
 vi.  1. (of a person) fall down (and usu. become unconscious) because of illness, tiredness, etc. (指人)病倒;累倒;昏倒
2. break into pieces and fall down or in suddenly 倒塌;塌陷
n.   1. the act of collapsing 倒塌,塌陷
2. a sudden and complete loss of strength or will 昏倒;崩溃


ambulance
n.   a truck equipped to carry sick or hurt people to hospital, etc. 救护车

county
n.   1. (in US and other countries) areas divided inside a state(美国及其他国家)郡;县(州以下的行政区分)
2. the largest unit of local governments in Britain(英国最大行政单位)郡

locate
vt.  1. discover the exact position or place of (sb./sth.) 确定……的位置;找出……的位置
2. (尤用于被动语态)set (sth.) in a place; place 位于

emergency
n. sudden serious event or situation requiring immediate steps to be taken 紧急事件;紧急情况


emergency-room
n.   a special room in hospitals where the doctors try to save the people who are in a state of life or death (医院)急诊室

marine
n.   [C] a member of a group of soldiers trained to fight on land or sea 海军陆战队的军官或士兵
a.   1. of, near, living in the sea 海里的,海生的
2. of ships and their goods and trade at sea 海运的,海事的

apparent
a.   1. clearly seen or understood; very clear 明显的;显而易见的
2. seeming; unreal 外表的;表面上的;假的

apparently
ad.  according to how sth. looks; as it seems 外表上;表面上;看上去像

▲corps
n.   military force made up of two or more divisions 军(由两个或两个以上的师组成)

vehicle
n.   [C] motor equipment such as a car, truck or cart used for carrying goods or passengers on land 陆上交通工具,车辆

▲marsh
n.   (area of) low-lying wet land 沼泽(地带);湿地

military
a.   of or for soldiers or an army; of or for (all the) armed forces 军人的;军用的;陆军的;军事的;军队的

sole
a.   1. one and only; single 惟一的;独一无二的;仅有的
2. belonging to or limited to one person or group; not shared(某人或某公司)专用的;独占的;不公用的

enable
vt.  1. make (sb.) able to do sth. by giving him the necessary power or means(通过授予必要的权利和手段)使能够;使可以
2. make (sth.) possible 使成为可能

dusk
n. [U] time after twilight and before night 黄昏;薄暮

lobby
n.   an outer room, entrance-hall or room before main room(s) 门廊;门厅;接待室

dim
a.   1. (of the eyes, eyesight) not able to see well(指眼睛、视力)看不清楚的
2. where or which one cannot see well; not bright 微暗的;朦胧的

dimly
ad.  in a dim way 模糊地;朦胧地


oxygen
n.   [U] chemical element, a gas without color, taste or smell, present in the air and necessary for all forms of life on earth 氧;氧气

extend
v.   1. lay or move out (the body or a limb) at full length 伸开;展开(身体或四肢)
2. make sth. longer or larger (in space or time) 使(在空间或时间上)伸展;扩大;加大

▲limp
a.   1. lacking strength or energy 无力的;没精神的
2. not straight or firm 柔软的;软弱的
vi.  walk with a halting step, one foot or leg moving less well than the other 一瘸一拐地走

squeeze
v.   1. press on (sth.) from opposite sides or all sides 压;挤;榨;紧握
2. force (oneself/sb./sth.) into, through, etc. a narrow gap or limited space 用力使进入(通过)狭窄或有限的空间;挤入;挤过

▲ward
n.   1. a separate part or room for a particular group of patients 病房
2. a person, esp. a child, who is under the care of a guardian or the defense of a law court (尤指小孩)受监护人;受保护人

occasional
a.   1. happening, coming, done, etc., from time to time; not regular 偶尔的;偶然的;不经常的
2. used, meant, written, etc. for a special event 应时的,应景的

occasionally
ad.  now and then; at times 偶然地;有时

tank
n.   1.(盛液体或气体的)大容器;大箱;大罐
2. 坦克

laughter
n.   [U] act, sound or way of laughing 笑;笑声

staff
n.   1. a group of assistants working together in a business, etc. answering to a manager or person in charge 工作人员
2. 掌权的人;做管理工作的人(与学生和工人相对)

exchange
vt.  1. give sth. and receive sth. (from another person) in return 交换;互换;交流
2. give or receive sth./sb. (of the same kind or value) in place of another 交换

inform
v.   1. (of, about) give sb. knowledge (of sth.); tell sb. 通知;告诉;报告
2. (0n) give evidence or make a charge against sb. (to the police) 控告

sympathy
n.   (ability for) sharing the feelings of others; feeling of pity and sadness (for sb.) 同情;怜悯

interrupt
vt.  1. stop (sb.) from speaking, etc., or (sth.) from happening by speaking oneself or by causing some other sort of trouble 打扰(通过插话或干扰,打断某人的谈话或其他正在发生的事情)
2. break the flow (of sth.) for a period of time 使中断

▲startle
vt.  give a sudden shock or surprise to (a person or an animal); cause to move or jump suddenly (from surprise) 使大吃一惊;使惊跳起来。

exit
vi.   go out; (esp. of an actor) leave (the stage) 退出;(尤指演员)退场

n.   [C] a way out 出口

funeral
n.   (usu. faith based) a form of burying or burning dead people 葬礼(土葬或火葬)

personnel
n.   1. a department in a firm which deals with workers, esp. with their hiring and benefits 人事部门;人事处
     2. people employed in one of the armed forces, a firm or a public office; staff 职员;人员(指军职、公司或公职人员)

PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS

come to
recover consciousness  苏醒,恢复知觉

now and again
sometimes 不时地,有时候

call for
demand; ask for 要求

set out
begin a journey 出发

for a while
for a period of time; for some time 一会儿;有一段时间

pay no attention to
take no notice of 不注意,没留意

now and then
at times; sometimes 不时地,有时候,时时

with that
after doing that 接着,于是

on one's way to
in the course of the journey that one is making somewhere 在路上

turn out
happen to be; be found to be in the end 结果是;证明是

PROPER NAMES

North Carolina
(美)北卡罗来纳州


Section C

Love of Life

    Two men walked slowly, one after the other, through the low water of a river. It ran cold over their feet. They had blanket packs on their backs; guns, but no bullets; matches, but no food.
    Suddenly the man behind fell over a stone, hurt his foot badly and called: "Hey, Bill, I've hurt my foot." Bill continued without looking back.
    The man was alone but not lost in the empty land. He knew the way to camp, and its food and bullets. He struggled to his feet and limped on. He had not eaten for two days. He picked some small round, tasteless fruits. They did not satisfy, but he knew he must eat them.
    In the evening he built a fire and slept like a dead man. When he woke up, he took out a small bag weighing fifteen pounds. He wasn't sure he could carry it any longer. But he couldn't leave it behind. He had to take it with him. He put it back into his pack, rose to his feet and continued.
    His foot hurt, but it was nothing compared with his hunger, which made him go on until darkness fell. His blanket was wet, but he knew only he was hungry. In his troubled sleep, he dreamed of rich meals. He woke up cold, sick and lost; the small bag was still with him. As he pulled himself along, the bag became heavier and heavier. He opened the bag, full of small pieces of gold. He left half the gold on a rock. 1. ______
    Eleven cold, rainy days passed. Once he found some animal bones with no meat on them. He broke them and ate them like an animal. Would he, too, be bones tomorrow? Why not? This was life. Only life hurt. There was no hurt in death. To die was to sleep. Then why was he not ready to die? He, as a man, no longer desired. Life in him, unwilling to die, drove him on.
    One morning he woke up beside a river. Slowly he followed it with his eyes and saw it emptying into a shining sea. When he saw a ship, he closed his eyes. He knew there could be no ship, no sea, here. An imagined picture, he thought. Hearing a noise, he turned around. A wolf(狼), old and sick, was coming slowly toward him. This was real, he thought. He turned back; the sea and the ship were still there. He didn't understand. Had he been walking north, away from the camp, toward the sea? He started slowly toward the ship, knowing full well the sick wolf was following him. In the afternoon, he found the bones of a man. Beside the bones was a small bag of gold, like his own. Bill had carried his gold to the end; he would carry Bill's gold to the ship. Ha-ha! He would have the last laugh on Bill. His laughing sounded like the low cry of an animal. The wolf cried back. The man stopped suddenly and turned away. How could he laugh about Bill's bones and take his gold? 2. ______ 3. ______
    He was very sick, now. He inched about on hands and knees, having lost everything— his blanket, his gun, and his gold. Only the wolf stayed with him hour after hour. At last he could go no further. He fell. The wolf came close to him, but the man was ready. He got on top of the wolf and held its mouth closed and bit it with his last strength. The wolf's blood flowed into his mouth. He held the wolf with his teeth and killed it; then he fell on his back and slept. 4. ______ 5. ______
    The men on the ship saw a strange object lying on the beach. It was moving toward them — perhaps twenty feet an hour. They went to look and could hardly believe it was a man.
    Three weeks later, when he felt better, he told them his story. But there was one strange thing: he feared there wasn't enough food on the ship. They also noticed he was getting fat. They gave him less food, but still he grew fatter with each day. Then one day they saw him put some bread under his shirt. They searched his bed and found food under his blanket. They understood.

    Words: 722


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