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儿童英语教学方法:教授新词汇

2012年04月12日  所属:少儿英语  来源:English Online Teachers  作者:English Online Teachers

儿童英语教学方法论文的汇总:教授新词汇。

When children learn their first language, they do not learn all the new words they meet at the same time. At first they learn word that they are interested in, words their parents feel are useful, or words that clearly relate to their reality.

As an English teacher, you don’t need to worry about teaching your students the meanings of all new words. Children can often understand the meaning of a story or dialogue, even if they don’t understand all the words, and if you spend too much time teaching new words, the students don’t have enough time to practise words and structures they already know. Choose which words to focus on, taking into consideration how useful or interesting it is to the children.

There are several things you can do to help children remember vocabulary. Firstly, distinguish between active vocabulary (words the children can use) and passive vocabulary (words they can understand but not use well). Recycle new words frequently through games, dialogues, and quizzes. Encourage your students to keep their own vocabulary books; they can use translation, pictures, example sentences and categories to help them remember.

There are some times when it is easier to translate a new word than try to explain it in English. Translation saves time and is especially useful for passive vocabulary or abstract words like ‘love’, or ‘war’. However, be careful not to translate too much, or the lesson may become boring for both you and the children.

There are many different techniques you can use to explain new words besides translation. For example, use pictures, real objects or drawings on the blackboard. This may be more memorable for the children than translation. Gesture, mime, body language and facial expressions can be used to show the meaning of words like ‘hot’ and ‘sad’. Use examples from the real world. For example if you are teaching the word ‘zoo’, as if there is a zoo in your city.

You can also ask children who know the new word to draw a picture or try to explain it using English. This may take more time, but it will add interest and enjoyment to the class.


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