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北京外国语大学英语专业考研2004年同声传译真题

2012年06月08日  所属:英语专业考研  来源:考研论坛  作者:youmumzky

北京外国语大学英语专业考研真题:2004年同声翻译试题。

北京外国语大学英语专业考研真题:2004年同声翻译试题

I. 将下列单句译成汉语(25 分)
1) In the first half of this year, China’s GDP grew by 8.2% —— despite the SARS virus. Electricity demand rose by 15% in the same period, led by power-hungry industries such as steel and aluminum.

2) China, anxious about capital flight and proud of its economic sovereignty, will not be browbeaten into floating the yuan by hectoring Americans.

3) Power stations tend to be built far from cities, and to be surrounded by idle “buffer” land. It is suggested that greenhouses could be built o this land with the exhaust from the power station pumped in to supply the heat they need. Such greenhouses could be used to grow fruit, vegetables and flowers cheaply.

4) Out of all the unbecoming parts of drug addition, the search for clean needles is particularly ghastly. Dirty needles account for a third of all reported AIDS cases: they also explain why half of all long-term addicts get hepatitis C. 5) The fight over farm trade at the WTO ministerial meeting in the Mexican city of Cancun boils down to how far the rich world cuts tariffs on agricultural goods and dismantles its vast farm subsidies, and by how much developing countries reduce their own considerable tariffs in return.

II. 将下列短文译成汉语(50 分)
Unemployment in America is high, and elections are on the horizon. It must be time to look east
again for scapegoats. Japan is only starting to recover from its protracted recession, so China will be handed the role of economic villain in the coming US election cycle. Expect to hear a chorus of
presidential candidates blame unfair Chinese competition for America’s manufacturing woes. China’s trading partners do have legitimate grievances, but it would be irresponsible and inaccurate for American politicians to pin the United States’ economic sluggishness on scheming culprits in Beijing. Traveling in Asia in October, Treasury Secretary John Snow heeded political pressures back home in exhorting Chinese leaders to let the market price their currency. This is a desirable outcome in the long run, but a raft of immediate caveats come to mind. China’s financial system remains fragile, and sudden currency volatility could lead to a banking crisis that could spell disaster for the world economy. Washington would do better to urge China’s leaders to focus on their lack of preparation to assume their proper role in the world’s financial order, rather than to demand any supposedly quick fix. Moreover, China’s refusal to devalue its currency in the aftermath of the 1009’s crises in East Asia —— much appreciated by its neighbors and Washington at a time when the yuan seemed overvalued —— adds credence to Beijing’s insistence that it prizes stability when it comes to exchange rates, not short-term advantages. With most economists concerned that China’s robust growth could fuel inflation and a speculative bubble, there are valid reasons for Beijing to fear a surging currency.

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