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北二外2007年英语专业考研综合英语真题

2012年04月29日  所属:英语专业考研  来源:考研论坛  作者:北二外

英语专业考研综合英语真题:北京第二外国语学院2007年硕士研究生入学考试试卷。

北京第二外国语学院
2007年硕士研究生入学考试试卷
考试科目:综合考试(英1) 

满分:150分

第一部分:语言学(50分)
Part One Linguistics (50 points)
I. Complete each of the following statements. (8 points, l point each)
1. The different members of a phoneme, sounds which are phonetically different but do not make one word different from another in meaning, are _____
2.  According to G. Leech, _____ meaning refers to what is communicated of the feelings and attitudes of the speaker/writer.
3. Terms like "apple", "banana" and "pear" are ___ of the term "fruit".
4. Human languages enable their users to symbolize objects, events and concepts which are not present (in time and space) at the moment of communication. This quality is labeled as _____
5. The sound [p] can be described with “_______, bilabial, stop”.
6. Semantics and _____ investigate different aspects of linguistic meaning.
7. ______ is the technical name for the sameness relation.
8. Chomsky initiated the distinction between ____ and performance.

II. Tell if each of the following statements is true or false. (8 points, 1 point each)
9. The last sound of "top" articulated as an. unreleased or released plosive. These different realizations of the same phoneme are not in complementary distribution.  '}
10. The words "loose" and "books" have a common phoneme and a common morpheme as well. 

11. It is characteristic of Halliday' s theory that more attention is paid to paradigmatic relations than to syntagmatic relations, which is the main concern 'Chomsky.  
12. According to the innateness hypothesis, infants are born able to speak a language.             

13. In the sentence "Money is often said to be the root of all evil", "root" is used in its conceptual meaning.
14. Of the three cavities, Pharynx cavity is the most variable and active in amplifying and modifying speech sounds.   
15. The description of a language at some point in time is called diachronic study.
16. Tense and aspect are two important categories of the verb, and they were separated in traditional grammar.

Ⅲ. Fulfill the following requirements. (18 points)
17. Distinguish between the two possible meanings of the phrase small child’s cot by means of IC analysis. (4)
18. Tell whether each of the underlined parts is endocentric or exocentric. (4)
 a. the professor who plagiarized   b. the design out of the question
 c. the year to follow           d. the man who did come
19. Give the phonetic term according to the following description: (2)
  the sound made with the back of the tongue and the soft palate
 20. Analyze the following dialogue with reference to Grice’s Cooperative Principle: (2)
 A: Where is X?    
 B: He’s gone to the market. He said so when he left.
21. Tell the sense relation between a and b in each pair: (2)
 1) a. He no longer likes coffee.   b. He liked coffee.
 2) a. Mary is working in China.   b. Mary is working in Beijing.
22. Classify the following pairs of antonyms. (4)
 Even – odd       above – below   present – absent    arrogant – bashful

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