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英美概况教案笔记:英国政府

2011年01月24日  所属:英国概况  来源:贵州财经学院网站  作者:佚名

《英语国家概况》第三章教案。英国政府:教案&课堂笔记。The Government of the United Kingdom 。

Unit 3: The Government of the United Kingdom

Contents

Ⅰ.The Monarchy

Ⅱ.The Parliament

Ⅲ.The Birth of Prime Minister and Cabinet

Ⅳ.The British Government Today


A Brief Introduction

    United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The country's head of state is the reigning king or queen, and the head of government is the prime minister, who is the leader of the majority political party in the House of Commons.

The UK Government

Executive Branch=Prime Minister + his/her cabinet (of the party in office)

Legislative Branch= House of Lords + House of Commons  in Law-making sessions

Judicial Branch = House of Lords


Ⅰ.The Monarchy

When does the Monarchy date back to?

What is “divine right of kings”?

For a thousand years Britain has had a hereditary king or queen as the head of state, what was one brief exception?

Background information:

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. 

Magna Carta

The Magna Carta (meaning great charter) is one of the oldest English documents on which some modern laws are based. There are 41 Originals. King John was poorly controlling the country so the barons decided to create the document to restrict King John. These documents were sent to each important town and port with a seal.


Ⅱ.The Parliament

Where does the word “parliament” come from?

What did the term “parliament” first used to describe?

When did Kings widened the Great Council?

What led to the civil war in the 17th century?


Ⅲ.The Birth of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

How did the Cabinet come into being?

How did the prime minister come into being?

When was the modern political system born?

The Prime Minister

As the head of government, the Prime Minister controls not only the Cabinet but also the parliament, as he or she is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons. Since the Queen has only formal power, with no real power, the Prime Minister is a really powerful leader in Britain.

Background information:

Winston Churchill, Political Leader / Writer / World War II Figure

Born: 30 November 1874

Birthplace: Blenheim Palace, Oxford shire, England

Died: 24 January 1965

Best Known As: Indefatigable prime minister of Britain during World War II

Winston Churchill

Soldier, politician and finally prime minister, Winston Churchill was one of Britain's greatest 20th-century heroes. Churchill fought with the British Army in India and Sudan, and as a journalist was captured in South Africa (where his dispatches from the Boer War first brought him to public prominence). He became a member of Parliament in 1900 and remained an MP for over 64 years. His early political career earned him many enemies, but his stirring speeches, bulldog tenacity and his refusal to make peace with Adolph Hitler made him the popular choice to lead England through World War II.

    When Britain and its allies prevailed in 1945, Churchill's place in history was assured. (Ironically, he lost the prime minister ship two months after Germany's surrender, when the opposition Labor Party took majority control of Parliament.) One of the 20th century's most quotable wits, Churchill wrote a plethora of histories, biographies and memoirs, including the landmark four-volume A History of the English-speaking Peoples (1956-58). In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature; he was knighted the same year.

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