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2.2 Population Distribution

2008年09月16日  所属:美国概况  来源:南京航空航天大学  作者:南京航空航天大学

美国概况 第二章 人口 2.2 Population Distribution(美国人口分布)。

美国概况:Chapter 2: Population :2.2. Population Distribution

     The United States is a highly urbanized country. Most of its people live in cities or metropolitan areas. The distribution of population in America is rather uneven.

      The most densely populated region is the northeastern part of the country, which includes the states of New England, the Middle Atlantic, and the Middle West. The region takes up about one-quarter of the total land area of the country, but about a half of the country's population are living here. This region has many great cities such as New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, and Boston, New York City, the home of the United Nations, is the largest in the United States with more than 17 million people living in its five boroughs and surrounding suburbs. Chicago, the second largest city in America, has a metropolitan area population of 7 million people. Since most of the people live in many metropolises, northern New England is still rather empty with wild picturesque scenery for tourists while the Middle West still has huge, sparsely-populated open Space for farming. The Northeast as a whole has had a low increase in population.

      The Great Plains between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains are an area with a comparatively Small population. Texas is the largest state in this region. It has about 12 million people. The northern part of the Great Plains is rather empty and feature- less. In the combined area of North and South Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas, an area as great as France and Italy put together, there are only five million inhabitants.

      The South, including Virginia, North and South Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Arkansas, has a population of almost 51 million people. This number of population is not very large against the size of the South. There are also some big metropolitan areas in this region. Atlanta, for example, has a population of 2 million people, and Miami, of over 1.6 million people, The South used to be sparsely populated, but now many Americans are moving there. The South, at present, leads in numerical increase in population.

      The West, including all the states west of the Rocky Mountains, is not densely populated, except for some metropolitan centers like Los Angles, and San Francisco: The population distribution in the West is quite uneven. Some states with very small areas may have a large population. For example, the State of Washington with 176,000 square kilometers has a population of over 4 million, while Montana with 381,000 square kilometers 0nly has 793,000 people. California, the most populous state in America; has more than 24 million people. Now the West has about 20% of the nation's population. It leads in percentage increase in population.


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