当前位置:英美者>>英语专业课>>英美文学>>浏览文章    

《英美文学》(英国部分)教案English Renaissance

2011年01月24日  所属:英美文学  来源:贵州财经学院网站  作者:刘利音

《英美文学》(英国部分)教案:Part Two English Renaissance部分。可作为课堂笔记使用,供自学或考研学习。

Part Two English Renaissance


I. Historical background of the Renaissance
1.       Historical events affecting the making of English literature of the time:

1)      Henry VII the king came to the power in 1485, which began a new epoch of unification and development;

2)      Henry VIII’s break with the Rome Catholics in 1533, which paved the way for a liberal and rapid development;

3)      Victory over Spain by defeating Spanish Armada in 1588, which paved the way for Englishmen to search treasure and territory all over the world;

4)      Charles I’s succeeding to the crown in 1625 and his harsh treatment with the parliament gave birth to the Puritan Revolution.

2.       Economical facts having impact on the development of English literature of the time:

1)       The movement “Sheep Devoured Men”;

2)       With the expansion of its territory and endless treasure from the colonies, English economy obtain favorable conditions and sufficient capital and resources to develop its industry and to build cities.

3.       Cultural facts affecting the practice of English literature:

1)       The European Renaissance and the compromise between the royal and the parliament in 1688;

2)       James I authorized the publication of the bible, which bridged Christianity with the common people and set up a basis for a stable ideology;

3)       The Puritan Revolution and the revolutionary thoughts of the Puritans pioneered a way for reforms and revolution, which established a tradition for later progress and changes.


II. Characteristics of the Renaissance
1.       The word means “rebirth”. It meant the reintroduction of the full cultural heritage of Greece and Rome. The intellectual wisdom of ancient Greece and Rome encouraged a rebirth of human spirit, a realization of human potential for development and creation.

2.       The essence of the Renaissance spirit: Humanism. It is the idea that man has a potential for culture. People were wonderful creatures that could reason and create. “Man is the measure of all things”, and he had the capacity to understand the universe and forces of nature. He could control his own destiny.


III. Main figures: Edmund Spenser (1552-1599), Christopher Marlowe (1564-1599), William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Francis Bacon (1561-1626), and Ben Jonson (1572-1637).

1.       Edmund Spenser’s main contribution can be seen in poetry. That is why sometimes he is called as “poet’s poet”. His masterpiece is The Faerie Queene (《仙后》),which was dedicated to Queen Elizabeth. His prominence lies in his sonnet and stanza which were named after him as Spenserian Sonnet and Spenserian Stanza, particularly the latter was practised by some famous poets in English literature, Byron for example in his long poem Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

2.       Christopher Marlowe was a genius who died young and he was one of the “University Wits”. His contribution is witnessed in drama, the famous ones are Tamburlaine (1588), Dr. Faustus (1589 ) and The Jew of Malta (1590 ), probably from which Shakespeare got some inspirations for his writing. And it is said that Marlowe successfully employed Blank verse in his drama, which became almost an established form in drama from then on.

3.       Ben Jonson was another genius during that time. He was overshadowed by Shakespeare in history but virtually enjoyed much more fame among their contemporaries than the latter at that time. So after Shakespeare, he was admired by a group of poets who felt proud of being called as “Sons of Ben”. Jonson’s is prominent for his achievements in comedies, particularly Comedies of Humors, the representatives of which are Every Man In His Humor (1598) and Volpone, or the Fox (1606).

4.       As for the other two figurers, we shall discuss them respectively later.

下一页
本文共 3 页,第  [1]  [2]  [3]  页


英美文学 最新资讯
· 《英美文学》(英国部分)教案English Renaissan
· 英美文学:关于 Emily Dickinson
· 英美文学:Edgar Allan Poe
· 美国文学笔记 The Over - Soul
· 美国文学 Ralph Waldo Emerson
· Defining Transcendentalism 美国文学
· 美国文学资料 Washington Irving 
· 美国文学论文资料:Romanticism
· James Fenimore Cooper 英美文学笔记
· Introduction to Romanticism

英美者 最新资讯
· 雅思9分作文例文及点评
· 雅思写作中常见问题错误汇总
· 在中国雅思考生已经突破30万
· 雅思增设兰州考点 在美国受广泛认可
· 2012年考研报名时间公布、复试一区二区新变化
· Amazon:book rental service (双语新闻、英语新
· 澳新护照承认第三种性别(英语新闻报道双语对照阅
· Socialising keeps you slim(双语新闻)
· 世界各国竞争力排行:瑞士第一,中国第26(双语英语
· 中秋节的来历、中秋节的简介(英语介绍)
· 英语六级考试写作模板:图表作文框架
Amazon:book rental servi
澳新护照承认第三种性别(
Socialising keeps you sl
离2012伦敦奥运还有一年(