当前位置:英美者>>英语专业课>>英美文学>>浏览文章    

英美文学:关于 Emily Dickinson

2010年08月17日  所属:英美文学  来源:上外  作者:英语学院

英美文学笔记:关于作家Emily Dickinson。

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) was an American lyrical poet, and an obsessively private writer -- only seven of her some 1800 poems were published during her lifetime. Dickinson withdrew from social contact at the age of 23 and devoted herself in secret into writing. 

Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, to a family well known for educational and political activity. Her father, an orthodox Calvinist, was a lawyer and treasurer of Amherst College, and also served in Congress. She was educated at Amherst Academy (1834-47) and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (1847-48). Around 1850 Dickinson started to write poems, first in fairly conventional style, but after ten years of practice she began to give room for experiments. From c. 1858 she assembled many of her poems in packets of 'fascicles', which she bound herself with needle and thread.

After the Civil War Dickinson restricted her contacts outside Amherst to exchange of letters, dressed only in white and saw few of the visitors who came to meet her. In fact, most of her time she spent in her room. Although she lived a secluded life, her letters reveal knowledge of the writings of John Keats, John Ruskin, and Sir Thomas Browne. Dickinson's emotional life remains mysterious, despite much speculation about a possible disappointed love affair. Two candidates have been presented: Reverend Charles Wadsworth, with whom she corresponded, and Samuel Bowles, editor of the Springfield Republican, to whom she addressed many poems.

After Dickinson's death in 1886, her sister Lavinia brought out her poems. She co-edited three volumes from 1891 to 1896. Despite its editorial imperfections, the first volume became popular. In the early decades of the twentieth century, Martha Dickinson Bianchi, the poet's niece, transcribed and published more poems, and in 1945 Bolts Of Melody essentially completed the task of bringing Dickinson's poems to the public. The publication of Thomas H. Johnson's 1955 edition of Emily Dickinson's poems finally gave readers a complete and accurate text.

Dickinson's works have had considerable influence on modern poetry. Her frequent use of dashes, sporadic capitalization of nouns, off-rhymes, broken metre, unconventional metaphors have contributed her reputation as one of the most innovative poets of 19th-century American literature. Later feminist critics have challenged the popular conception of the poet as a reclusive, eccentric figure, and underlined her intellectual and artistic sophistication.

Some poems of Emily Dickinson seem to be transcendental, yet not quite. She appears to search for the universal truths and investigate the circumstances of the human condition: sense of life, immortality, God, faith, place of man in the universe. Emily Dickinson questions absolutes and her argumentation is multisided. The poetic technique that she uses involves making abstract concrete, which creates a striking imagery like that of a hand of the wind combing the Sky.

下一页
本文共 5 页,第  [1]  [2]  [3]  [4]  [5]  页


英美文学 最新资讯
· 《英美文学》(英国部分)教案English Renaissan
· 英美文学:关于 Emily Dickinson
· 英美文学:Edgar Allan Poe
· 美国文学笔记 The Over - Soul
· 美国文学 Ralph Waldo Emerson
· Defining Transcendentalism 美国文学
· 美国文学资料 Washington Irving 
· 美国文学论文资料:Romanticism
· James Fenimore Cooper 英美文学笔记
· Introduction to Romanticism

英美者 最新资讯
· 雅思9分作文例文及点评
· 雅思写作中常见问题错误汇总
· 在中国雅思考生已经突破30万
· 雅思增设兰州考点 在美国受广泛认可
· 2012年考研报名时间公布、复试一区二区新变化
· Amazon:book rental service (双语新闻、英语新
· 澳新护照承认第三种性别(英语新闻报道双语对照阅
· Socialising keeps you slim(双语新闻)
· 世界各国竞争力排行:瑞士第一,中国第26(双语英语
· 中秋节的来历、中秋节的简介(英语介绍)
· 英语六级考试写作模板:图表作文框架
Amazon:book rental servi
澳新护照承认第三种性别(
Socialising keeps you sl
离2012伦敦奥运还有一年(