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美国文学论文资料:Romanticism

2010年08月06日  所属:英美文学  来源:上外  作者:英语学院

美国文学英美文学英语专业毕业论文资料:Romanticism相关。

Romanticism (c.1800-??) is defined thus by the Oxford Companion to English Literature:
"...a term that is associated with imagination and boundlessness, as contrasted with classicism, which is commonly associated with reason and restriction. A romantic attitude may be detected in literature of any period, but as an historical movement it arose in the 18th and 19th centuries, in reaction to more rational literary, philosophic, artistic, religious, and economic standards . . . . The most clearly defined romantic literary movement in the U. S. was Transcendentalism. . . . Characteristics of the romantic movement in American literature are sentimentalism, primitivism and the cult of the noble savage; political liberalism; the celebration of natural beauty and the simple life; introspection; the idealization of the common man, uncorrupted by civilization; interest in the picturesque past; interest in remote places; antiquarianism; individualism; morbid melancholy; and historical romance."

Majo Contributions of Cooper
The creation of the famous Leatherstocking saga has cemented his position as our first great national novelist and his influence pervades American literature. In his thirty-two years (1820-1851) of authorship, Cooper produced twenty-nine other long works of fiction and fifteen books - enough to fill forty-eight volumes in the new definitive edition of his Works. Among his achievements:
1. The first successful American historical romance in the vein of Sir Walter Scott (The Spy, 1821).
2. The first sea novel (The Pilot, 1824).
3. The first attempt at a fully researched historical novel (Lionel Lincoln, 1825).
4. The first full-scale History of the Navy of the United States of America (1839).
5. The first American international novel of manners (Homeward Bound and Home as Found, 1838).
6. The first trilogy in American fiction (Satanstoe, 1845; The Chainbearer, 1845; and The Redskins, 1846).
7. The first and only five-volume epic romance to carry its mythic hero - Natty Bumppo - from youth to old age.

Themes in Cooper's Writing
1. The American Society.
2. The American History.
3. The Backwoods - Frontier.
4. The Sea.

The Leatherstocking Tales
The Pioneers, 1823; The Last of the Mohicans, 1826; The Prairie, 1827; The Pathfinder, 1840; The Deerslayer, 1841.
Title Publication Date Natty Bumppo's Age Set in Year
The Pioneers 1823 70 1793
Natty Bumppo first appears as a seasoned scout in advancing years, with the dying Chingachgook, the old Indian chief and his faithful comrade, as the eastern forest frontier begins to disappear and Chingachgook dies.
The Last of the Mohicans 1826 40 1757
An adventure of the French and Indian Wars in the Lake George county.
The Prairie 1827 90 1804
Set in the new frontier where the Leatherstocking dies.
The Pathfinder 1840 40 1757
Continuing the same border warfare in the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario country.
The Deerslayer 1841 23 1740-45
Early adventures with the hostile Hurons on Lake Otsego, NY.


Achievements of Washington Irving
1. Irving is the first belletrist in American literature, writing for pleasure at a time when writing was practical and for useful purposes.
2. He is the first American literary humorist.
3. He has written the first modern short stories.
4. He is the first to write history and biography as entertainment.
5. He introduced the nonfiction prose as a literary genre.
6. His use of the gothic looks forward to Poe.

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