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2001年英语专业四级考试答案

2007年11月12日  所属:TEM4  来源:英语专业网站  作者:全国英语专业四级考试试题命题组

2001年英语专业四级考试试题真题答案

听力原文部分

1. I have to teach the same course books several times in the summer holiday camp, which is sometimes boring and not well-paid, but by and large I’m quite delighted at being with young people.

2. The poor living conditions in such a large city have resulted from the unplanned real estate development, which is rarely seen in small cities.

3. At a recent seminar, many participants were worried about the fact that overpopulation may give rise to many social security problems.

4. May I have your attention, please? Flight 998 is leaving at 11:30 a.m. Please check in half an hour prior to the departure.

5. Having gone through your claims for fire damage, I don’t think the policy you have provided protection against loss by fire.

6. Ian lost one eye in a childhood accident, but he nonetheless had a very successful athletic career.

7. Mr. and Mrs. Clark used to smoke. But now Mrs. Clark has stopped and she is afraid her husband will fall ill if he doesn’t get rid of his bad habit of smoking both at home and at work.

8. I heard from Mary that last semester, Susan found it difficult to stay on good terms with her roommate Jenny.

9. Jack says that he is up to his eyes at work at present and really cannot afford the time to have dinner with us.

SECTION B  CONVERSATION

10. W: I want to find a part-time job during the summer vacation and earn some money. How about you?

      M: I’m going to take a few summer courses so that I can graduate early next year.

11. W: Excuse me, I want some dictionaries. Where can I find them?

      M: The regular-priced ones are here and on that table in the corner of the room we have some on discount.

      W: Thank you.

12. W: I wonder where I can take my girlfriend for dinner after work tonight.

      M: Have you been to the Chinese Restaurant near the school?

13. M: Hello, the pipe in my bedroom is leaking. Can you come and get it repaired right away?

    W: Well, it depends on how soon I can finish the drains at the office building.

14. W: Do you think you can play the music tape another time, dear? I’ve got a slight headache.

    M: Of course. Sorry. I didn’t realize you could hear it. You want me to call the doctor?

    W: No, thanks. I’ll be OK in a minute.

15. M: Lisa, how are you getting along with our term paper?

    W: I’ve been writing and rewriting it. I simply don’t know if I will ever get it finished.

16. W: I must go to the library, the one near the laboratory, because I have to finish my research project by tomorrow. But if I could, I prefer to go with you to the theatre.

    M: I wish you could come along.

17. M: Why did Jack suddenly decide to quit his job?

    W: He said he wouldn’t break his back working for such low pay.

    M: I see.

18. M: Are you sure you can remember the name of the film you saw last week?

    W: It’s just on the tip of my tongue.

SECTION C  NEWS BROADCAST

News Item One (19-20)

    Commonwealth leaders agreed to lift Nigeria’s 3-5 years’ suspension on May 29, the day the military government hands over power to the elected president, the organization secretary general announced yesterday.

    Nigeria was suspended from the 54 nation group of mainly former British colonies in 1995 after it executed 9 minority rights activists including writer Ken Thawrawiwa. But now that the country has embarked on the return to democracy, Commonwealth heads of government have agreed to end this estrangement. Secretary general chief Ormiga Anyaco said in a statement: “I’m delighted an unfortunate episode in Nigeria Commonwealth relations will now come to an end and Nigeria is resuming its rightful place in the Commonwealth.”

News Item Two (21-22)

    The Space Shuttle Discovery made a real night landing at the Kennedy Space Center early on Thursday. The night landing, the 11th in the centre’s 94 shuttle missions, ended a 10-day mission to outfit the orbiting international space station. Although the space craft created a solid boom that can be heard along much of Florida’s eastern seaboard, witnesses on the ground could not see the orbiter until it was directly over the one-way lights. Scattered showers off the Florida coast had threatened to postpone the shuttle’s return. But broadcasters gave a green light when they decided no rain will fall within 48 kilometres of the space centre.

News Item Three (23-24)

    Five people died, two were missing and at least 18 were injured on Wednesday when an Italian petrol vessel collided with a dinghy filled with refugees crossing the Adriatic sea from Albania, authorities said. The victims were believed to be Albanians from either Albania or Kosovo, said authorities from Italy’s Tax Police Division, which, along with the coast guard, patrols the nation’s coast. The cause of the collision was not immediately known. Three Albanians,believed be smuggling the refugees were arrested a few hours after the accident.

News Item Four (25)

      Malaysian authorities are discussing possible salvage efforts with Sun Cruisers, the Singapore owner of a large liner, that sunk off Malaysia last week, a news report said yesterday. Sun cruisers had received some advice from Malaysia on the matter. The Business Times newspaper quoted the company’s spokeswoman Judy Shoo Asian. Judy and other Sun Cruiser’s officials could not immediately be reached for further comment as they were away in Indonesia. The Sun Vista went down in international waters. The nearby Malaysia may have the right to order the wreck’s removal, the newspaper said. Salvage experts said the wreck of the Sun Vista, which sank in 65 metres of water, poses no threat to ships passing over it. But Malaysia may still want it removed.

Nigeria was suspended from the 54 nation group of mainly former British colonies in 1995 after it executed 9 minority rights activists including writer Ken Thawrawiwa. But now that the country has embarked on the return to democracy, Commonwealth heads of government have agreed to end this estrangement. Secretary general chief Ormiga Anyaco said in a statement: “I’m delighted an unfortunate episode in Nigeria Commonwealth relations will now come to an end and Nigeria is resuming its rightful place in the Commonwealth.”

  SECTION A STATEMENT

1. 答案:C

【问句译文】讲话者喜欢教书是因为什么?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清“I’m quite delighted in being with young people”,也就是说他喜欢教书是因为喜欢和年轻人在一起,故选项C为正确答案。

2. 答案:B

【问句译文】讲话者是什么意思?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】只要听清“…the poor living conditions…resulted from…unplanned realestate development…”,就可知道很差的住居条件是由于没有好的规划,故选项B为正确答案。

3. 答案:D

【问句译文】这句话是什么意思?

【试题分析】本题为细节题

【详细解答】。解答本题的关键是听清“…overpopulation may give rise to many social security problems.”就可得知人口过多会带来社会安全问题,故选项D 为正确答案。

4. 答案:D

【问句译文】乘坐998航班的乘客何时办理登机手续?

【试题分析】本题为计算题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清两个时间,“Flight 998 is leaving at ll:30…”和“…check in half an hour prior to departure”,由此可以计算出办理登机手续的时间为11:00。

5. 答案:A

【问句译文】说话者是何职业?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键词有“policy”(保险单),“fire damage”(火灾损失),“loss”(损失)等,由此可以推测说话人的职业为insurance agent(保险经纪人)。

6. 答案:A

【问句译文】说话者认为怎样?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清关键句“…but he nonetheless had a very successful athletic career”,由此可知,Lan成为一名成功的运动员,故选项A 为正确答案。

7. 答案:A

【问句译文】Clark 夫人担忧什么?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】只要听清“she’s afraid her husband will fall ill…”,就可得知她担心的是丈夫的健康。

8. 答案:D

【问句译文】Susan和Jenny关系如何?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清“…Susan found it difficult to stay on good terms with her roommate Jenny”,这里的“stay on good terms with”意为“与(某人)相处得好”由此可知,Susan与她关系紧张,故选项D 为正确答案。

9. 答案:B

【问句译文】我们知道Jack怎样?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清并理解短语“up to one’s eyes”的意思,该短语意为“深深陷在……,埋头于………”。由此可知, Jack正在埋头工作,故选项B 为正确答案。

SECTION B CONVERSATION

10. 答案:B

【问句译文】他们主要谈论什么?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清关键词 “summer vacation”,对话者分别谈到几件不同的事情,但都是围绕“summer vacation”来谈的,故选项B 为正确答案。

11. 答案:B

【问句译文】对话很可能发生早哪儿?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清关键词“dictionary”,“price”,“discount”等,显然是一人要买词典,询问价钱,还谈到折扣,由此可以推测两人对话的地点是在书店。

12. 答案:D

【问句译文】两位说话者是什么关系?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】男士提出自己的问题是“I wonder where I can take my girlfriend for dinner after work tonight”,女士给他以建议“Have you been to the Chinese restaurant near the school.”两人之间最不可能是“夫妻”、“律师与当事人”或“顾客与侍者”的关系,而是“同事”关系。

13. 答案:A

【问句译文】从对话可以推理出那位男士是干什么的?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清关键词“pipe”,“leaking”,“get it repaired”,由此不难推测男士的职业是一名水暖工。

14.答案:A

【问句译文】那位男士接下来会做什么?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】女士请求男士“play the music tape another time”,男士回答说“of course”,由此可以推测男土会“turn off the tape recorder”,故选项A 为正确答案。

15.答案:B

【问句译文】Lisa觉得她的工作如何?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】男士问女士的论文写得怎样了, 女士的回答有“writing and rewriting…”,

“…simply don’t know if I’ll ever get it finished”,表现出一种厌倦、疲累的情绪,故选项B为正确答案。

16.答案:A

【问句译文】 女士要去哪儿?

【试题分析】本题为推理题。

【详细解答】女士说“But if I could,I’d prefer to go with you to the theater”,这里用的是虚拟语气,表示与现实相反的情况,那么现在女士就不会去看戏,而是去图书馆故选项A为正确答案。

17.答案:B

【问句译文】Jackson为何换了工作?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清关键句“…wouldn’t break his back working for such low pay”,由此可以推理出Jackson辞掉工作原因是“报酬太低”,故选项B为正确答案。

18.答案:C

【问句译文】关于那场电影,女士说了什么?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键在于听懂短语“on the tip of one’s tongue”,该短语意为“即将想起(某事),(某事)就在嘴边”,即她只是暂时忘了它的名字,故选项C为正确答案。

SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST

  19.答案:C

【问句译文】Nigeria何时回归英联邦的?

【试题分析】本题为主旨题。

【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清新闻的第一句中,“Common wealth leaders agree to lift Nigeria’s three and a half years’ suspension…”接着讲了Nigeria回归英联邦的时间,即“the military government hands over power to an elected president”,故选项C为正确答案。

20.答案:A

【问句译文】前英帝国共有多少个殖民国?

【试题分析】本题为细节题

【详细解答】。新闻第二句说“Nigeria was suspended from the fifty-four nation-groupof mainly former British colonies in l995…”,由此可知,前英帝国共有54个殖民国。

  21. 答案:C

【问句译文】“发现”号飞船执行了多少天的任务后回到肯尼迪航天中心的?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】新闻第二句说“…ended a ten-day mission …”,由此可知,“发现”号飞船用10天时间完成了任务。

22. 答案:A

【问句译文】飞船何时着陆?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】新闻第三句说“…the spacecraft created a sonic boom…”,由此可知,此时为飞船将要着陆时发出巨大的噪音。

23.答案:D

【问句译文】事故中有多少人死亡?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】新闻第一句说“Five people died, two were missing…”即事故中有5人死亡。

24.答案:B

【问句译文】三位阿尔巴尼亚人为何被捕?

【试题分析】本题为细节题。

【详细解答】新闻最后一句说“Three Albanians,believed to have smuggled the refugees, were arrested a few hours after the accident.”由此可知,那三位阿尔巴尼亚人被逮捕的原因是因为他们被怀疑在偷渡难民,故选项B为正确答案。

  25. 答案:A

【问句译文】这篇新闻主要是关于什么的?

【试题分析】本题为主旨题,要求概括本篇新闻的报道内容。

【详细解答】新闻第一句说“…discussing possible salvage efforts with Sun Cruisers,…”,由此可知,新闻报道的是有关方面正在协商营救一艘沉船的计划,故选项B为正确答案。


完型填空

PART IV CLOZE  
短文大意:这篇文章讨论的是翻译所需的技能和素质。
26. 答案:B
【试题分析】本题为近义名词词义辨析题。
【详细解答】这四个选项都有“应用,运用”的意思。application指“(理论知识的)应用”;use表示“(工具等的)使用”;utility指“实用”,有效地使用某物使其发挥效用;usage侧重于“具体的用法”。此处是指语言的运用,故应该选 use。

27. 答案:D
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查关联词的用法。
【详细解答】 more than常用于比较级,意为“比…更加…”;except for意为“除…外”的意思;because of意为“由于,因为”;in addition to意为“加上;除…外,还有”。这里是说翻译人员除了应具备前面所说的基本知识外,还应有好学的品质,故选项D为正确答案。

28. 答案:D
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 on one’s own指依靠某人自己的力量做某件事,“独自,独立”。of one’sown指某人自己拥有的东西;介词by和for都不与own搭配。根据句意,选项D为正确答案。

29. 答案:A
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对虚拟语气的掌握。
【详细解答】本句是一个表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气句。表示条件的从句中没有if,应用部分倒装。故选项A为正确答案。

30. 答案:B
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 a nodding acquaintance意为“点头之交”;familiarity with意为“通晓;精通”;acquaintance with指“(从经验所得的)知识;了解”;knowledge指“知识”,skill指“技能;熟练”,都与of连用。

31. 答案:D
【试题分析】本题为近义动词词义辨析题。
【详细解答】这四个选项都有“转变,变更”的意思。change意为“改变,变化”,常用于change from…to…(由……转变成……);transform意为“使转化”;turn意为“转变”,常与介词from, into搭配;switch意为“转换”,指完全或突然的转变。本句是指从一种语言转换到另一种语言,应用动词switch。 

32. 答案:B
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 lack 常用于短语“lack of”; require常用于“require sth. of sb.”;face常用于“be faced with”;confront常用于“be confronted with”。故选项B为正确答案。

33.答案:B
【试题分析】本题考查对上下文的理解。
【详细解答】上文中的“the nature of the translator’s work”就是“the processing ofthe written word”,而下文“this skill”指的是“be able to speak the languages he is dealing with”,故此处应选unnecessary,即他不必会讲他所处理的语言。

34.答案:C
【试题分析】本题考查连接词的用法。
【详细解答】此处需要一个连词将“an advantage”和“a hindrance”连接起来。根据上下文,此处是肯定advantage否定hindrance,所以应选rather than表示“而不是”。

35.答案:D
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 concern常与about搭配,意为“关心”,而不与with搭配;deal with意为“处理”;work with意为“工作”,都不符合句意。do away with意为“除掉,取消”。这里指“没有掌握说这些语言的技巧”,故选项B为正确答案。

36.答案:A.
【试题分析】本题考查连词的用法。
【详细解答】上文说的是“unnecessary”,而下文说的是“desirable”,所以此处应该填一个表示转折关系的连词。四个选项中,只有however是表转折的连词,其他选项都是表示结果关系的连词,故选项A为正确答案。

37.答案:A
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对非谓语动词的掌握。
【详细解答】 be restricted to中to是介词,后面要求跟一个名词,故选项A为正确答案。

38.答案:C
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 refer to意为“提到,说起”;come to意为“谈到,关于”;apply to 意为“应用,适用”;amount to意为“相当于,总共达”。这里是说用源语言写作的能力也是如此,故应选apply to。

39.答案:A
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 it does not matter意思是“不要紧,没关系”。这里是说如果译者没有这种能力,也不要紧。

40.答案:B
【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
【详细解答】 characteristic意为“特征;特色”,比较注重外在的;quality指意为“特质;品质;素质”,比较注重内在的;distinction意为“区别;分别”;feature意为“特征,特色”,侧重具体的某个特征。这里指内在品质,与skills并列,故应选quality。

选择

PART V GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
41.答案:C
【参考译文】我不能去,一则我没钱,再则我手头上的事情太多。
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
【详细解答】 what’s  more意为“更甚的是”;as well意为“也” ;for one thing…for another…意为“一则……再则……”;in addition“此外”。根据句意,选项C为正确答案。

42.答案:D 
【参考译文】即使在她还是一个小姑娘的时候,梅丽莎就知道表演将成为她的生活,戏剧观众将成为她最好的老师。
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对句式结构的理解。
【详细解答】从句子结构看,本句缺少表示某个人的主语。在这四个选项中,只有 as可充当表示某个人的主语,故为正确答案。

43.答案:D
【参考译文】何不明天再去看他呢?
【试题分析】本题考查对习惯用法的掌握。
【详细解答】 why not是习惯用法,其后直接跟动词原形,常用作建议,意思是“为什么不……”。

44.答案:B
【参考译文】毫无疑问,该公司的销售计划是正确的。
【试题分析】本题考查对习惯用法的掌握。
【详细解答】 There is no doubt…后面应接由that引导的主语从句,故只能选B。

45.答案:A
【参考译文】智力对于大脑,就像视力对于躯体一样。
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对句子结构的理解。
【详细解答】 what引导的是一个类比性状语从句,说明主句行为的方式、方法,其结构为“A is to B what C is to D”,意思是“A对于B来说,就像C对于D一样”。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。

46.答案:C
【参考译文】尽管我对此很同情,但我的确不能做太多的事情来帮他们摆脱困境。
【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对让步状语从句的理解。

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